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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The systematic and scientific study of human behavior, social groups, and society.
Quality of mind that provides an understanding of ourselves within the context off the larger society.
sociological imagination
Objectively assessing ideas, statements, and information.
critical thinking
Asking questions and questioning answers
sociological thinking
Forms of communication that transmit standardized messages to widespread audiences (e.g., newspapers, magazines, books, radio, television, and movies).
mass media
Newer and more personalized information technologies (e.g., personal computers, CD-ROMS, fax macines, video games, handheld databanks, cellular phones, the internet, fiber optic communications, and interactive television).
The use of observation, comparison, experimentation, and the historical method to analyze society.
A conceptual model or typology constructed from the direct observation of a number of specific cases and representing the essential qualities found in those cases.
ideal type
The study of society in an effort to understand and explain the natural laws that govern its evolution.
pure sociology
A viewpoint or particular way of looking at things.
theoretical perspective
A set of assumptions and ideas that guide research questions, methods of analysis and interpretations, and the development of theory.
Views social meaning as arising through the process of social interaction (often referred to as interactionism).
symbolic interactionist perspective
Focuses of the day-to-day interactions of individuals and groups in specific social situations.
microlevel analysis
Uses the analogy of the theater to analyze social behavior.
dramaturgical analysis
Contends that people attach various labels to certain behaviors, individuals, and groups that become part of their social identity and shape others' attitudes about and responses to them.
labeling approach
Examines broader social structures and society as a whole.
macrolevel analysis
Views society as a system of interdependent and interrelated parts (often referred to simply as the functionalist perspective or functionalism).
structural functionalist perspective
Anticipated or intended consequences of social institutions.
manifest functions
Unintended or unrecognized consequences of social institutions.
latent functions
Views society as composed of diverse groups with conflucting values and interests.
conflict perspective
Studies, analyzes, and explains social phenomena from a gender-focused perspective.
feminist theory
Using sociological principles, social ideals, and ethical considerations to improve society.
applied sociology