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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the organization of written or spoken symbols into a standardized system
language
shared belief about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable
values
a group that shares values, norms, and behaviors that are not shared by the rest of society, yet they peacefully co-exist in society. Such as the Amish
subculture
all the shared products of human groups, including both physical objects and the beliefs, values, and behaviors shared by a group
culture
a group of interdependent people who have organized in such a way as to share a common culture and feeling of unity
society
the shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations
norms
norms that describe socially acceptable behavior but do not have great moral significance attached to them, such as covering your mouth when you yawn.
folkways
norms that have great moral significance attached to them, such as murder and stealing
mores
certain features that are developed by all societies to ensure fulfillment of needs, such as funerals, and marriages
cultural universals
the belief that cultures should be judged by their own standards rather than by applying the standards of another culture
cultural relativism
the belief that cultures should be judged by their own standards rather than by applying the standards of another culture
cultural relativism
the tendency to view one's own culture as superior is called
ethnocentrism
the anthropologist that conducted a new-classic study of cultural variation in the 1930s was
Napoleon Chagnon
Sociologists distinguished between these two types of norms:
folkways and mores
All of the following are examples of a counterculture except:
the military
what sociology sometimes refer to as the combination of objects and rules
technology
A study of which two groups provided examples of how different value systems produce different culture?
the arapesh and the mundugumor
All of the following are examples of a subculture except:
A) Miami's Little Havana
B) the Navajo of the Southwest
C) San Francisco's Chinatown
D) the Mafia
D) the Mafia
Folkways include all of the following except:
A) shaking hands
B) Murder
C) Getting to class on time
D) not putting food in your mouth with a knife
B) murder
T/F The physical objects that people create and use form a group's nonmaterial culture.
False
T/F Society consists of people, and culture consists of the material and non material products that people create.
True
T/F Most subcultures do not reject all of the values and practices of the larger society.
True
T/F Folkways are norms that describe socially acceptable behavior but do not have great moral significance attached to them.
True
T/F
Mores are norms that do not have great moral significance attached to them.
False
T/F Values are the organization of written or spoken symbols into a standardized system.
False
T/F Margaret Mead, in the 1940s compiled a list of more than 65 cultural universals after examining hundreds of different cultures
false
T/F Basic components of a culture vary from society to society
false
T/F Culture consists of all the shared products of human groups.
True
T/F Criminologist Edwin Sutherland developed the idea of subcultures in the 1920s.
true
T/F Ethnocentrism is the tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior.
true
T/F the arapesh and the mundugumor were two societies in New Guinea that Margaret Mead conducted a study of culture variation on in the 1930s.
true
T/F All groups create norms to enforce their cultural values.
true