Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/38

Click to flip

38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
SELF-CONCEPT
-idea of who we are and how we see ourselves
SELF-ESTEEM
-internalized values
SOCIAL COMPARISON
-compare yourself to others
TEMPORAL COMPARISON
-compare yourself as you are now to how you were in another time period
RELATIVE DEPRIVATION
-you feel as if you are not getting what is due.
SOCIAL IDENTITY THEORY
-the groups you belong to
-group identity
-whatever you see yourself in terms of groups
SELF-SCHEMAS
-how we see ourselves
*UNIFIED
-if one part of your life goes up, everything goes up
*DIFFERENTIATED
-your values isn't all together
SOCIAL PERCEPTION
-the process of how we see others
*first impressions
*lasting impressions
*negative things carry more weight
SELF-FULFILLING PROPHECIES
-preconceived notions that affect the outcomes
ATTRIBUTION
-how we explain behavior
-3 factors:
*consensus=all agree over a certain behavior
*consistency=repetitave
*distinctiveness=how much does he stand out
FUNDAMENTAL ATTRIBUTION ERROR
-attribute things that other people do to internal reasons
ULTIMATE ATTRIBUTION ERROR
-out-group ingroup bias
-when we succeed it's internal
-when we fail it's external
-when they fail it's internal
-when they succeed it's external
ACTOR-OBSERVER BIAS
-if it's you who is driving slowly it's fine because you are looking for directions but when someone else is driving slow it's because they're idiots (internal)
SELF-SERVING BIAS
-whenever you succeed you credit yourself
-whenever you fail it's not your fault
ATTRACTION
*ENVIRONMENT
-just beingg around them you'll like them more
-more exposure
*SIMILARITY
*PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS
-matching hypothesis
NORMS
-unwritten social contract
*DESCRIPTIVE=how others are actually behaving
*INJUNCTIVE=what is approved,male bathroom eitquette
*RECIPROCITY=if i give you something, you give me something
DEINDIVIDUATION
-rioting
-terrorist groups
-political protests
-soccer clubs
-loss of self in crowd
SOCIAL FACILITATION
-others making you better
SOCIAL IMPAIRMENT
-doing poorly in front of family
-stage fright
-others freak you out
SOCIAL LOAFING
-group projects
-team events
-clapping in a crowd
-you dont work as hard in a group
CONFORMITY
-matching behavior to that of a group's influence
-clapping at play
-dressing in orange for Illinois sports
*PUBLIC CONFORMITY
*PRIVATE ACCEPTANCE=change your personal opinion
WHY DO PEOPLE CONFORM?
-ambiguity of the situation
-minority influence
-unanimity and size of majority
COMPLIANCE
-change behavior by request
*explicit
*implicit
FOOT-IN-DOOR
-work things up for something bigger
DOOR-IN-THE-FACE PROCEDURE
-start something BIG and ask for something smaller
LOW-BALL APPROACH
-car salesman
-request to get people to do something you want and if they commit they probably will because they committed before hand
OBEDIENCE
-behavior change in response to a demand from an authority
AGGRESSION
-an act intending to harm someone
WHY ARE PEOPLE AGGRESSIVE?
-learning
*culture
-biology
*genetics
*hormones (testastorane levels)
FRUSTRATION-AGGRESSION HYPOTHESIS
-when you are frustrated you are more likely to be aggressive
GENERAL AROUSAL
-when really aroused you are more likely to be aggressive than if you're calm
ALTRUISM
-unselfish concern for another
COST-REWARD THEORY
-reduce unpleasant arousal
-we don't like to see others in trouble
EMPATHY-ALTRUISM THEORY
-help when experience empathy
-you sympathize with someone or their current situation
EVOLUTIONARY THEORY
-kin selection
-similar genes and they will pass them
-we are more likely to put ourselves on the line for family members
WHAT ARE SOME FACTORS THAT AFFECT HELPING?
-clarity of the need for help
-perceived cost of help
-presence of other
BYSTANDER EFFECT
-responsibility is spread out so no one takes initiative
GROUPTHINK
-a group of unrealistically evaluate options
-reach a decision, not the best decision