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24 Cards in this Set

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Tissues
group of similar cells that work together to perform the same function
4 types of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
epithelial Tissue locatione
surface of skin and body cavities, lowest layer bound to connective tissue by basement membrane
epithilialtissue functions
linings, passage of substances, protection
Simple Squamous
one layer scale like cells used for transportation in lungs heart and blood vessels
simple cuboidal
one layer cube shaped cells used for secretion in glands
simple columnar
one layer of rectangular cells for absorption and secretion of digestive juices in GI tract
goblet cells
in simple columnar, secretes mucus
microvilli
increases surfaces of columnar cells to aid in absorption
pseudostratified columnar
one layer columnar but looks bigger moves mucus using cilia located in respitory tract
Stratified Squamos
several layers of scale like cells to protect from microbes at the surface of the skin. Thickest epithelial tissue
Stratified Transitional
tissues that stretch and have a variety of layers and shapes e.g. bladder
Connective Tissue
most abundant tissue few cells present in tissue has an extracellular matrix
Extracellular Matrix
outside cell in connective tissue contains interstitial tissue gel and fibers
Areolar
loose tissue of gel and webs of fibers gives internal organs shape and support
Adipose
stores fat inside cells cannot remove these cells
Dense Fibrous
Parallel bundles of collagen fibers strong and flexible in tendons and ligaments
Bone
Circular arrangement of hard matrix and cells support, protection calcium storage, calcified
Cartilage
cells called chondrocytes, gristle like matrix, shape, enables smooth movement at joints/ends of bones.
Blood
liquid matrix, erythocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes, used for transportation and protection
liquid matrix
plasma
erythrocytes
Red blood cells
leukocytes
white blood cells
thrombocytes
platlets