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18 Cards in this Set

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DNA
Located in nucleus, instructions for making portiens, double helix
Nucleotides
deoxyribose, phosphate, nitrogenous bases
cytosine (matches with)
guanine
adenine or uracil(matches with)
Thymine
RNA
single stranded, ribose, phosphate, nitrogenous bases, uracil replaces thymine
Proteins
made up of amino acids, facilitate chemical reactions which then produce traits.
Protein synthesis
makes proteins through transcription and translation
Transcription
DNA unzips and mRNA forms using complementary base-pairing in nucleus.
Translation
mRNA divided into codons, codon specifies amino acid, tRNA brings amino acid. takes place of Ribosome
Interphase
period of growth, chromatin replicates
Mitosis
cell division
Prophase
chromatids form, sister chromatids held together by centromere,spindle fibers form
Metaphase
sister chromatids line up
Anaphase
sister chromatids pull apart
Telophase
cell divides, organelles equally divided, chromatin present, 2 new daughter cells.
Chromatin
chromosomes in spaghetti form
chromatid
chromosomes in coiled form
centromere
holds sister chromatids in prophase