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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
what percentage of sleep is REM? SWS?
both are about 25%
when does EEG detect desynchronized waves? Syncronized?
non REM sleep. Awake and REM
what is psychophysiological insomnia?
insomnia brought on by stress or emotions and then thinking about going to sleep
what is the tetrad of narcolepsy?
excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, sleep paralysis and hypnagogic hallucinations
what peptide from the hypothalamus seems to be key in wakefulness and is depleted in narcolepsy?
orexin (hypocretin)
How may narcolepsy be autoimmune?
does not occur until teens and it may destroy orexin producing cells in the hypothal
what are the clinical features of obstructive sleep apnea?
snoring (loud with pauses), excessive daytime sleepiness, abnormal motor activity in sleep, personality or intellectual changes, hypertension, morning headaches, sexual impotence, bed wetting, cardiorespiratory failure
characterize idiopathic hypersomnia.
relentless daytime sleepiness, naps for hours, no REM abnormalities on polysonogram or MSLT (nap test).
what is another name for sleep walking? What kind of disorder is it? Where in sleep does it occur?
somnabulism. Parasomnia. During slow wave sleep
Characterize REM behavior disorder.
lack of REM atonia. Pt's move all about during REM sleep
chronic REM behavior disorder may be due to what?
toxins, vascular do, tumor, infection or postinfection
what are the types of circadian rhythm disorders?
jet lag type, shift work type, delayed sleep phase, advanced sleep phase, irregular sleep wake, and free running type
the two sleep related movement disorders are…?
periodic limb movement do and restless leg syndrome