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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Psychoanalysis
Personality theory and form of psychotherapy that emphasizes the role of unconscious factors in personality and behavior.
Behaviorism
School of pyschology and theoretical viewpoint that emphasizes the study of oberservable behaviors, especially as they pertain to the process of learning.
Humanistic Psychology
School of psychology and theoretical viewpoint that emphasizes each person's unique potential for psychological growth and self-direction.
Wilhelm Wundt
A German physiologist who is generally credited as being the founder of psychology. Founded the first psychology research laboratory in 1879.
Signmund Freud
An Austrian physician who developed the personality theory based on uncovering the hiden, or uncounscious, causes of behavior. Largely credited as making psychology a household word. Recognized as one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century.
Ivan Pavlov
A Russian physiologist whose pioneering work led to the creation of behaviorism.
B.F. Skinner
An American psychologist who is famous for his study of observable behaviors and experiments using reinforcement and punishment to shape behavior.
Carl Rogers
An American psychologist who is credited with the development of humanistic psychology and the emphasis on each person's individual potential.
Cognitive Psychology
The branch of psychology that investigates mental processes, including reasoning and thinking, problem solving, memory, perception, mental imagery, and language.
Developmental Psychology
The branch of psychology that studies the physical, social, and psychological changes that occur over the lifespan.
Personality Psychology
The branch of psychology that examines individual differences and the characteristics that make each person unique.
Health Psychology
The branch of psychology that focuses on the role of psychological facotrs in the development, prevention, and treatment of illness.
Clinical Psychology
A specialty area of psychology that studies the causes, treatment, and prevention of different types of psychological disorders.
Experimental Psychology
A term traditionally used to describe reasearch focused on basic topics, such as sensory processes or principals of learning. However, psychologists in every field conduct research and perform experiments.
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
A specialty area of psychology that is concerned with the relationship between people and work. Includes such topics as worker productivity, job satisfaction, and personnel testing and selection.
Social Psychology
Explores how people are affected by their social environments, including how people think about and influence others.
Biological Psychology
A specialty area of psychology that focuses on the relationship between behavior and the body's physical systems.
Educational Psychology
A specialty area of psychology that studies how people learn. Develops instructional methods and materials.
Evolutionary Psychology
The application of principles of evolution, including natural selection, to explain psychological processes and phenomena.
Cross-Cultural Psychology
Branch of psychology that studies the effects of culture on behavior and mental processes.