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21 Cards in this Set

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1. trust/attachment
2. shame or doubt may result
3. pretend play
4. elementary school years - entrance into life
5. adolescents must integrate sense of identity
6. primary adult goal: give and get care
7. middle age - productive work
8. late adulthood - involves looking back at life
Erickson's psychosocial theoryE
Yes. G. Stanley Hall portrayed adolescence as characterized by "storm and stress", resulting from biological changes that occur during this period.
Whether adolescence is a time of "storm and stress"
Adolescent growth spurt is the most startling change during puberty and is marked acceleratoin in growth.
First and most startling change during puberty
Early-maturing boys, taller nd stronger than their classmates, have an advantage in sports an in capturing attention from girls. They are likely to have a positive body image, to feel confident, secure, independent, and happy, and to be successful academically as well.

Early-maturing girls tend to become self-conscious, dissatisfied with their bodies which results in bulimia and other eating disorders.
Gender differences in the benefits of early maturation
ability to think about and control one's own memory processes
metamemory
Stage 1: Punishment focus
Stage 2: Enjoyment focus
Stage 3: Approval of others
Stage 4: Authority
Kohlberg's theory of moral development
Authoritative is the most effective parenting style while permissive is the worst. Those with permissive parents were more likely to us alcohol and drugs nd to have conduct problems and less likely to be engaged in school that were those with authoritative or authoritarian parents.
Parental styles & developmental outcomes
Associating with academically successful peers will reinforce this teenager's achievement. The peer influence complements parental influence. The peer group provides teenages with a standard of comparison for evaluating their won attributes as well as vehicle for developing social skills.
Peer influence; positive and negative
One finding was that becoming a father was associated with large increase in delinquent behavior in the year following the baby's birth. The teen fathers were more likely than their peers who did not have children to be incarcerated.
Pittsburgh study: effects of teen fatherhood
Among young women who give birth before age 19 and choose to keep their babies, half never complete high school.
effect of giving birth on the teen mother's education
an individual who is living independently from his or her parents
how an adult is socially defined
the longer individuals attend college, even if they don't graduate, the more likely they are to be capable of formal operational thinking and other forms of abstract logical thought.
effect of college attendance on cognitive development
at all degree levels, women are more likely than men to graduate because they use more effective study strategies than males.
gender differences in graduation rates
The marriges that re most likely to fail are marriages between teenages, nonreligious marriages in which the bride was pregnant, and marriages of people whose parents had divorced.
reasons why marriages fail
equitable sharing of responsibilities results in a more satisfying marriage
martital satisfaction after the birth of children
primary = breakdown of myelin sheaths of individual neurons in the brain (slowing of behavior)., decrease in the rate at which body supplies oxygen to the brain, become more farsighted, impaired night vision, difficulty following a conversation when there is competing background noise, sense of smell isnt sharp

secondary = arthritus, rheumatism, heart problems, or high blood pressure.
primary vs. secondary effects of aging
younger adults do tasks that require fast reflexes, and those that require a new skill to be learned better than older adults.

Older adults do better on vocabulary, comprehension, and general information tests.
tasks in which older vs. younger adults do better
about half of all cases of dementia result from alzheimers
proportion of dementia resulting from alzheimers disease
hippocampus and cerebral cortex
part of the brain most affected by alzheimers disease
life satisfaction appears to be most strongly related to good health, as well as to a feeling over control over one's life
correlates of life satisfation in older adults
1. denial
2. anger
3. bargaining
4. depression
5. acceptance
kubler-ross' 5 stages of dying