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13 Cards in this Set

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solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in a single physical solution.
solvent
substance that does the dissolving.
solute
substance that is dissolved into another substance.
alloy
solid solution containing two or more metals
aqueous
solution with water as the solvent.
tincture
Made from, or by means of, water.
molarity
the number of moles of a given substance per liters of solution.
molality
the number of moles of a given substance per kilograms of solution.
mole fractions
the most symmetrical way of representing thermodynamic functions of mixtures. For each component i, the mole fraction xi is the number of moles ni divided by the total number of moles in the system, n.
saturated
combined with or containing all the solute that can normally be dissolved at a given temperature.
unsaturated
capable of dissolving more of a solute at a given temperature.
supersaturated
to cause (a chemical solution) to be more highly concentrated than is normally possible under given conditions of temperature and pressure.
Henry's Law
gas law: states that, at a constant temperature, the amount of a given gas dissolved in a given type and volume of liquid is directly proportional to the partial pressure of that gas in equilibrium with that liquid.