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5 Cards in this Set

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current approach to psychology
*look at problem as a whole rather than in parts
-biological approach- was there anything that predisposed it( ex. alcoholism)
-behavior - (based on S-R)is there something in the environment causing it?
-cognitive approach-how are they feeling when they drink?
-psychodynamic - (based on freud but rejected sexual motivation( did something happen when they were a kid?
-humanistic- (the goodness of the individual) is there something rpeventing the person from being all they can be?
Basic research
research for research's sake
How do we know what we know?
(charles pierce)
1) tenacity/common sense ( ex. opposites attract)
- repetitions( we hear it enough and beleive it to be true)
-confirmation bias - we like to cling to our beliefs( ex. earth was the center of the universe)
2) Authority - we accept things to be true based on what people of authority tell us is true
- an easy way to learn but its not always true = have to look at the qualifications of the authority figure
3) reasoning - if this then this than that/logical
4)*scientific method-method used to test our ideas
Scientific method
a set of empirial techniques - what links science together
- must be repeatable
- have to be able to dissprove it
- look for flaws in design/conclusion
helkps support theories, NOT prove them
What do psychologists look at?
relationships between veriables
ex=height and weight
-with these variables they then make a hypothesis that draws a relationships between the variables