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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
suspension
a heterogeneous mixture consisting of small particles spread throughout a liquid or gaseous medium, from which they will eventually settle out
miscibility
the property that allows two liquids to be soluble in each other
soluble
dissolvable
dissociation
the process whereby a solvent breaks up an ionic solid
specific gravity
a method of determining the concentration of a solution by comparing the density of the solution to the density of water
insoluble
substances that cannot be broken apart by water molecules
precipitate
a solid formed during a reaction; unsoluble in water
saturated
containing the maximum amount of a solute that can be dissolved in a given amount of solvent under normal conditions
amalgam
a solution with a liquid solute and a solid solvent
solubility
the maximum amount of a solute that can dissolve in a given amount of solvent under normal conditions
polar molecule
a molecule that has partially charged electrical poles
alloy
a homogeneous mixture of metals
Henry's law
the greater the pressure on a liquid, the greater the amount of gas that will remain dissolved in that liquid at any given temperature
dipole
a molecule that has both negatively and positively charged poles caused by the unequal distribution of electrons
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
percentage by mass
a method of expressing the concentration of a solute as a percentage of the total mass of the solution
freezing point depression
the effect whereby a solute lowers the freezing point of the solvent in which it is dissolved
supersaturated
having dissolved more than the normal amount of solute in a given amount of solvent
boiling point elevation
the effect whereby a solute raises the boiling point of the solvent in which it is dissolved
solvent
the substance that does the dissolving in a solution
solute
the substance that is dissolved in a solution