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20 Cards in this Set

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Define Persona
the latin word for mask; social mask that people wear

superficial role of who we are
4 universal elements developed by Hippocrates
Earth
Air
Fire
Water
What is the fluid called that determines one's personality and name the 4 kinds.
Humors

1. black bile
2. yellow bile
3. blood
4. phlegm
element -> humor -> temperament
earth -> black bile -> melancholic

air -> yellow bile -> choleric

fire -> blood -> sanguine

water -> phlegm -> phlegmatic
melancholic traits
sad
anxious
depressed
choleric traits
excitable
angered
assertive
sanguine traits
warm
optimist
cheerful
phlegmatic traits
calm
slow moving
lethargic
sluggish
five factor model
OCEAN

I. extraversion
II. agreeableness
III. conscientiousness
IV. neuroticism
V. openness to experience
what 2 factors cause someone to be...

1. shy
2. hostile
3. compulsive
1. increased neuroticism
decreased extraversion

2. increased neuroticism
decreased agreeableness

3. increased neuroticism
increased conscientiousness
define personality and 2 things that it does
combinations and patterns in thoughts, feelings & behaviors

1. makes us unique

2. creates consistency across situations and time
what 5 factors shape our personality?
1. genetics
2. traits
3. society and culture
4. learning
5. unconscious
define paradigms
collection or group of theories that express an idea
what are the 6 paradigms of personality theory?
1. psychoanalytic
2. social cultural
3. trait
4. socio-biological
5. existential/humanistic
6. learning
psychoanalytic paradigm
Freud & Jung

focus on structure of the mind and relationship btwn conscious and unconscious
social-cultural paradigm
Adler, Horney & Erikson

focus on interactions w/people and their environment

major focus: family of origin
trait paradigm
Allport

focus on basic building blocks of personality; measurement and assessment
social-biological paradigm
Wilson

behavior & personality characteristics of traits inherited
existential/humanistic paradigm
Rogers & Maslow

positive aspects of human development/growth; free will - self determining
learning paradigm
Skinner & Bandura

behavior: positive & negative reinforcement and punishment