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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
3 basic types of pneumonia
Alveolar-fluid in the aveoli.

Broncho-in the airway & spreads to adjacent aveoli.

Interstitial-walls of the aveoli.
The radiographic sign asscoiated with each of the three pneumonia types.
Aveolar-affected part of lung appears white with absence of air.

Broncho-small patches of sonsolidation separated air-containing lung tissue.

Interstitial-diffuse infiltrate obscurring the heart border "shaggy heart sign".
3 way aspiration pneumonia of esophageal material can occur
Esophageal obstruction-tumor, stricture, food particle

Diverticula-outpouching of tubular organ

Neuromuscular-disturbance(inhibited swallowing.
4 ways aspiration of liquid gastric contents can occur.
general anesthesia
tracheostomy
coma
trauma
what substance is found in a lung abcess
pus
what is an important complication of lung abcess
brain abcess
how does TB spread from one person to another
coughing contageous water droplets.
what are 3 other systems TB can spread to
GI
Genital Urinary-GU
Skeletal
why are there less bronchiectasis incidences
the advent of antibiotic treatment(tx)
Identify the viral infection in young children that produces inflammatory obstructive swelling localized to the subglottic portion of the trachea
Croup-Soft Tissue neck
RSV stand for
Respiratory Syncytial Virus
how is RSV diagnosed
swab or culture of the nose
4 predisposing factors to COPD(chronic obstruction pulmonary disease).
-cigarette smoking
-infection
-air pollution
-occupational exposures
the most common radiographic abnormality of chronic bronchitis
generalized increase in bronchovascular markings.
3 radiographic signs for emphysema
-over inflation of the lungs
-alteraions in pulmonary vasculature
-bullae formation(huge air sacs)
What is the hallmark sign of pulmonary over-inflation in pts w/severe emphysema
flattened diaphragms
Disease "widespread narrowing of airways-caused by allergies"
asthma
3 common pneumoconioses
-silicosis
-asbestosis
-coal worker's(black lung)
Name the imaging modality needed in additon to plain chest films that assist in screening for a pulmonary embolism
CT for pulmonary embolism
most common type of bronchogenic carcinoma
Squamous cell-hard to penetrate.
2 procedures used for a precise diag of bronchogenic carcinoma
-bronchoscopy
2 procedures used for a precise diag of bronchogenic carcinoma.
-bronchoscopy
-CT guided needle biopsy
describe the appearance of malignant tumors
ragged, irregular, spiculated.
discuss the prognosis of bronchogenic carcinoma
poor
most common site from which pulmonary cancers metastasize
-musculosekelatl sarcomas
-myeloma
-breast cancer
-urinary
-thyroid
-colon
the lipoprotein responsible for Hyaline membrane disease
surfactant
the primary sufferer of Hyaline membrane disease
Premature infants
another name for Hyaline membrand disease
IRDS infant respiratory distress syndrome`
another name for ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome.
"Shock Lung"
the radiographic appearance of ARDS
ill defined areas of alveolar consolidation scattered throughout the lungs.
radiographic hallmark of a pneumothorax
demonstration of a visceral pleural line
best position for demonstrating a pneumo
-PA chest inspiration
-PA chest expiration
the earliest radiographic finding of pleural effusion
blunted costophrenic angles.
most common radiographic sign of plate-like atelectasis
thin streaks
the procedure used to correct a pneumothorax
insertion of a chest tube.
the procedure performed on a patient in acute respiratory distress to assis with breathing
insertion of an endotracheal tube(ET tube).