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23 Cards in this Set

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Define Nutrition.
the study of nutrients, their ingestion, digestion, absorption,transport, metabolism, storage, and excretion.
List the six nutrients.
carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals, and water
Define Organic.
containing carbon
Define Essential.
needed for everyday life.
Are carbohydrates organic and essential?
organic (composed of CHO) and nonessential
Is protein organic or essential?
organic (containts CHON) and essential
Is fat organic or essential?
organic (containts CHO) and nonessential
Are vitamins organic or essential?
organic and essential
Are minerals organic or essential?
inorganic and essential
Is water organic or essential?
inorganic and essential
what is the purpose of protein?
growth, maintenance, and repair
what is the purpose of fat?
insulation and protection
what is the purpose of carbohydrates?
enery
what are nutrients measured in?
grams
what is energy measured in?
kilocalories
what is the purpose of vitamins?
helpers (catalyst to speed up reactions)
What is the purpose of minerals and water?
structure
what does lowfat mean?
less than 30% of product can be fat
define satiety.
feeling of fullness
what is involved in anthropometrics to assess nutrition in a person?
height, weight, frame size, and skinfold test
How do you calculate Body Mass Index (BMI) using the Hamwai Method for males?
106#/5'+(6# for ea. add. in.) +/- 10%
How do you calculate Body Mass Index (BMI) using the Hamwai Method for females?
100#/5'+(5# for ea. add. in.) +/- 10%
what are the two kinds of digestion?
chemical and mechanical