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25 Cards in this Set

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In Which of the following are ample amounts of carbohydrates almost always found?
All plant foods, whole grains, vegetables, legumes, and fruits
What are sources of dietary carbohydrates?
Simple Carbohydrates (sugars) which are monosaccharides: glucose, fructose, galactose. Disaccharides: maltose, sucrose, lactose.
Complex Carbohydrates (Starches & Fibers).
Which of the following is known as blood sugar or dextrose?
Glucose
What is the composition of sucrose?
Fructose & Glucose
What is another name for lactose?
Milk Sugar
What component accounts for the usually sweet taste of fruits?
Fructose
What is an component of all three dietary disaccharides?
Glucose
Glycogen is stored mainly in which of the following tissues?
Liver & Muscles
Which of the following is a rich source of dietary starch?
The richest source is grain. Root crops and tubers, and legumes
Cellulose, pectin, hemicellulose, and lignin are all forms of Fibers. t/f
True
Bacteria plays a major role in the breakdown of certain types of dietary fiber in the large intestine.
True
You have just finished a light breakfast of toast and jelly. Which of the following series of events proceeds upon digestion/absorption of the meal until it is near time for lunch?
All the sugars & most of the starches are being digested.
Gluconeogenesis is a term that describes the synthesis of?
Protein to Glucose
What term describes how quickly glucose is absorbed from a food after ingestion, how high blood glucose rises as a result, and how quickly blood glucose returns to normal?
Glycemic Response
Bloating, diarrhea, and cramping are symptoms of?
lactose intolerance
At rest, the typical body stores of glycogen can provide energy for a maximum of?
about less than a day during rest & a few hours at most during exercise.
What is the minimum daily amount of dietary carbohydrate necessary to spare body protein from excessive breakdown?
50 to 100 grams of carbohydrates
According to the Dietary Guidelines, what should be the range of dietary carbohydrate intake as a percentage of energy intake?
45-65% Dietary Intake
The most important of the concerns regarding dietary carbohydrate intake, is the amount consumed at one time, not simply the source.t/f
True
The intake of dietary carbohydrate as a large amount of sugar by an individual has conclusively been shown to cause diabetes. t/f
False
When blood sugar is lowered and liver glycogen has been depleted, glucose will be produced in the liver as a result of the action of the stress hormone epinephrine.t/f
True
Hypoglycemia is low blood glucose and can often be controlled by dietary changes.t/f
True
There is a large body of scientific evidence which concludes that sugar causes misbehavior in children and criminal behavior in adults.t/f
False
When an individual is deprived of dietary carbohydrates for a prolonged period of time the body may make ketone bodies from fat fragments that accumulate as a result of excessive fat breakdown and this accumulation of ketone bodies in the blood is called ketosis. t/f
True
Maintaining Glucose Homeostasis is important because Low blood glucose may cause dizziness and weakness. t/f
True