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15 Cards in this Set

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minerals
inorganic compounds/ elements--some of which are essential nutrients.
major minerals
Ca2+ calcium
P phosphorous
K+ potassium
Na+ sodium
Cl- chloride
Mg2+ magnesium
trace elements
Fe, more than 13 essential to good health
water recs
about 1-1.5 mL of water/kcal expended/day
macronutrients

micro
needed in large amts
carbs, fats, proteins

necessary but lesser amts
scientific method
observation -->
hypothesis -->
experiment -->
theory
theory
validated hypotheses
with overwhelming support...becomes a scientific fact
epidemiological studies
studies of data sets of large population
case-control
people who do and don't have the condition. match them in age, gender, other key variables so differences stand out
cohort studies
over certain period of time studied
cross-sectional
findings identify factos that might influence disease in population; how much and kinds food people eat.
lab-based animals intervene

invitro
feeding animals certain diet

at molecular/cellular level
human intervention/clinical
consequences of following certain regime
experimental design
large sample size
placebos
experim group and control
double blind
correlation and causes
nutritional assessment of individual
history, anthropometric data, physical exam