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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is nutrition?
The sum of the processes in which an animal or plant takes food and utilizes it for growth, tissue repair and replacement, or elaboration of products.
What is a nutrient?
Any substance in food that the body can use to either obtain energy, synthesize tissues, or regulate body processes.
What are the classes of nutrients?
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins, minerals, and water.
Which nutrients provide energy to tissues?
Carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids.
Which nutrient provides the most energy?
Lipids (9 kcal/g)
What is an essential nutrient?
A substance that must be obtained in the diet, because the body either can't make it or can't make adequate amounts of it. It is defined in growing animals.
What is a nonessential nutrient?
A substance that the body can make sufficient quantities of it if it's lacking in the diet.
What are the macronutrients?
Carbs, proteins, lipids, and water.
What are the micronutrients?
Vitamins and minerals
What is the difference between plants and animals?
Plants go through photosynthesis and require less nutrients and are made of carbs. Animals contain protein and require about 40 nutrients.