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245 Cards in this Set

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Sensory information is changed into a usable form to enter short-term memory in the process of what?
encoding
A fleeting visual image that remains for about half a second after the original stimulus is gone is an _____?
icon
Information is transferred from sensory memory to ______ by means of __________.
Information is transferred from sensory memory to long-term memory by means of rehearsal.
Which statement about short-term memory is False?
It is not sensitive to interference.
Which statement about long-term memory is True?
It is relatively permanent and has a finite capacity.
Remembering that "maison" sounds like "mason" and masons build houses, concluding the word "maison" means "house" in Frence is an example of what?
elaborative encoding.
Loftus and Palmer have shown that memories are what?
at times updated, changed, or revised.
The network model of memory is supported by te phenomenon of ________ memory.
The network model of memory is supported by te phenomenon of redintegrative memory.
Which of the following refers to memories for skills such as tying your shoe laces?
procedural.
The old biographical show "This Is Your Life" most likely utilized _______ memory, whereas "Jeopardy" uses ______ memory.
The old biographical show "This Is Your Life" most likely utilized episodic memory, whereas "Jeopardy" uses semantic memory.
Multiple-choice tests utilize which kind of memory retrieval?
recognition
An essay test would require which type of retrieval?
recall
An elderly man, suffering from mild dementia, insists that he does not know how to use his TV remote (even though he has had it a long time). When told to "just push a button," he pushes the correct buttons to turn the TV on and change the channels. His memory for the skill of using the remote has become what?
implicit
A person who was exposed to the word "same" 2 hours earlier is more likely to complete the word fragment SA__ with the word "same." This is an example of what?
priming
The text refers to ______ as typically being the most sensitive measure of memory.
relearning
Ebbinghaus found that forgetting nonsense syllables was greatest when?
shortly after learning
Forgetting because we never really formed the memory in the first place is termed what?
encoding failure.
The fading of memories is also refered to as what?
memory decay
Sometimes you have to go back to the room in which you started to remember why you left it in the first place. This best illustrates what?
cue-dependent memory.
Bill has to put his car in the shop and get a rental car for a few days. His own car has the shift lever on the floor, but the rental has one on the wheel. When he first gets in the rental, he claws fuilely at the floor. This illustrates what concept?
proactive interference.
Allison can remember her current phone number but has forgotten the phone number at her last residence. This is considered an example of what?
proactive interference
Learning to stand aids a child with later learning how to walk. This is an example of what?
positive transfer
What is FALSE concerning flasbulb memories?
They are usually accurate. (FALSE)
Sandy visited her cousin Sharon in the psychiatric ward. After the visit Sharon received and electroconvulsive shock (ECS) treatment for her severe depression. On the next visit, Sandy was surprised to find that Sharon remembered nothing of the previous visit. This is because the ECS did what?
interfered with consolidation.
What part of the brain seems responsible for the formation of permanent memories?
hippocampus
Learning alters the ______ of brain cells.
Learning alters the activity, structure and chemistry of brain cells.
If your textbook looks like it is "bleeding" yellow highlighter, you have pprobably violated which of the following methods for improving memory?
selection
While at a party, you are introduced to a large number of people. Later, you find you can only remember the names of the first few people and the last person you met. This illustrates the _________ effect.
serial position.
What is not good advice for improving memory?
eat sparingly to maintain your "edge".
What is NOT a step in the cognitive interview process?
try to recall events only in the correct order.
Any type of memory system or aid is known as what?
a mnemonic
If you experience the belief that you know a person's name but that it is not quite retrievable, you may be in a __________ state.
If you experience the belief that you know a person's name but that it is not quite retrievable, you may be in a tip-of-the-tounge state.
Elizabeth is trying to forget the fatal car accident she witnessed two days ago. This attempt would be referred to as memory what?
repression
_________ amnesia involves forgetting the events that followed an injury or trauma.
Anterograde amnesia involves forgetting the events that followed an injury or trauma.
Eidetic imagery is what?
Retained for at least 30 seconds.
Projected onto a blank surface.
An ability more comonly found in children.
Eidetic imagery
What is NOT one of the three basic units of thought?
prototype
The WAIS-II divides intelligence into what two IQ scores?
performance and verbal intelligence.
IQ tests show a pattern of distribution called a what?
normal (bell-shaped) curve.
Alex sees his first duck and learns to call it by the name "duck". Then he sees a chicken and calls it a duck, only to be corrected by his mother. The chicken would be an example of what is concept formation?
negative instance
Concepts that are defined by the presence of two or more features are called what?
conjunctive
Which of the following refers to concepts such as "larger" "above" and "left"?
relational
Which describes a concept that is the ideal example of the concept?
prototypical
When MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) was first introduced as a brain-scanning technique, it was called NMRI (Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging). The first word, nuclear, was dropped because people related the world nuclear to becoming radioactive. The change in names was to improve the ________ meaning of the term.
When MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) was first introduced as a brain-scanning technique, it was called NMRI (Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging). The first word, nuclear, was dropped because people related the world nuclear to becoming radioactive. The change in names was to improve the connotative meaning of the term.
What term is actually a way of measuring the connotative meaning of a word?
semantic differential
What is NOT considered faulty conceptualization?
prototypical thinking
Glenna felt like she was hit with a bolt of lighting when she solved the story problem. She wondered how she had not seen the answer sooner. This ability to reorganize and solve the problem quickly is an example of what?
insight
What type of bilingualism is undesirable for minority children?
subtractive
Which aspect of language is violated by the english sentence, "i to school go."?
syntax
Which term is the set of rules for making sounds into works and words into sentences?
grammar
ASL is what?
A true language.
American Sign Language.
Gestural language.
Which statement about experiments in teaching animals to talk is TRUE?
Chimps have been taught to use sign language through operant conditioning.
Trial-and-error learning is an example of what?
a mechanical solution.
If the number of alternatives for solving a problem is small, a(n) _______ may work best.
If the number of alternatives for solving a problem is small, a(n) random search strategy may work best.
What term refers to a strategy that is a "rule of thumb"?
heuristic
Bringing together seemingly unrelated bits of useful information is called what?
selective combination.
What common barrier to problem solving includes functional fixedness?
perceptual barriers
One of the differences between experts and novices in a particular field is what?
experts can recognize patterns in material more easily.
Thought that goes from general principles to specific situations is called _______ thought.
Thought that goes from general principles to specific situations is called deductive thought.
In creative thinking, ______ is the total number of suggestions your are able to make.
In creative thinking, fluency is the total number of suggestions your are able to make.
Multiple-choice items on an exam most probably measure what?
convergent thinking
Howard Gardner has proposed that there are actually _____ different kinds of intelligence.
eight
Mental retardation is diagnosed by IQs at what score?
approximately 70 or below.
What is the correct sequence in creative thinking?
Orientation, Preparation, Incubation, Illumination, Verification.
What is a characteristic of the creative personality?
valuing independence.
Which thinking error involves ignoring the base rate?
underlying odds.
When the working of a question affects the decision a person makes, this is referred to as what?
framing
The operational definition of intelligence is determined by what?
the procedures used to measure it.
________ refers to the mental processing of information.
Cognition refers to the mental processing of information.
Josh's coach tells the team that he knows how to win the basketball game---"Score more points than the other team!" This would be an example of a _______ solution.
Josh's coach tells the team that he knows how to win the basketball game---"Score more points than the other team!" This would be an example of a general solution.
WAIS-III is to ______ as WUSC-IV is to _______.
WAIS-III is to adult as WUSC-IV is to children.
The ways in which our actions are initiated, sustained, and directed is called what?
motivation
What refers to an energized motivational state?
drive
What is the correct order for the model of motivation?
Need, Drive, Response, Goal.
Your mother's homemade chocolate cake is so good, you eat a piece of it even though you aren't really hungry. This is because the ______ of the pie motivates your eating behaviour in the absence of the internal need.
Your mother's homemade chocolate cake is so good, you eat a piece of it even though you aren't really hungry. This is because the incentive value of the pie motivates your eating behaviour in the absence of the internal need.
Motives such as activity, curiosity, exploration, manipulation, and physical contact are all called what?
stimulus motives
Which type of motive is based on learned needs, drives, and goals?
learned motive.
The term describing the steady state in which the body has achieved optimal levels with such things as body temperature is called what?
goal
Which part or function of the body is NOT involved in hunger?
the hippocampus
If the ventromedial hypothalamus is destroyed, the result is what?
dramatic overeating
According to the textbook, what does not lead to over-eating.
high protein in food
Behavioural dieting suggests that people do what?
Keep track of eating habits using a "diet diary."
What is typical of the bulimia nervosa victim but NOT of the anorexia nervosa victim?
normal or near normal body weight.
Vomiting and diarrhea are two causes of what?
extracellular thirst.
What is an episodic drive?
pain
What is NOT a stimulus drive?
hunger
Low sensation seekers are what?
more likely to smoke.
The Yerkes-Dodson law refers to the idea that complex tasks are better accomplished at what?
a lower level of arousal.
Bettie is worried about her psychology test. She imagines herself going blank, then calmly tells herself that she will handle that by focusing on one question at a time. She is practicing what?
rehearsal.
What is TRUE concerning circadian rhythms?
Melatonin is a hormone that affects circadian fhythms.
According to the _____, if a stimulus causes a strong emotion (such as fear), then an opposite emotion tends to occur when the stimulus ends (such as relief).
According to the opponent-process theory, if a stimulus causes a strong emotion (such as fear), then an opposite emotion tends to occur when the stimulus ends (such as relief).
The need for ________ is a desire to have impact on or control others.
The need for power is a desire to have impact on or control others.
Maslow describes the first four levels of his hierarchy as __________ needs.
Maslow describes the first four levels of his hierarchy as basic needs.
What is NOT a meta-need, according t Maslows?
self-esteem
Caleb plays the drums for his own enjoyment. What term best describes this behaviour?
intrinsic motivation
Jackie's hands are shaking and her posture is tense as she prepares to give a speech. These are signs of the element of emotion called what?
emotional expressions.
According to Plutchik, there are eight primary emotions. These include what?
fear, suprise and anger.
Some people become dizzy and faint at the sight of blood because of the what?
parasympathetic system.
What is also referred to as "fight of flight"?
sympathetec system.
What facial expression is recognized aroudn the world?
fear, anger & happiness.
Facial expressions can be narrowed down to just three basic dimensions of activation, pleasantness-unpleasantness, and what?
attention-rejection.
Gestures used to show what people are saying are called ______; they tend to ______ when a person is telling a lie.
Gestures used to show what people are saying are called illustrators; they tend to decrease when a person is telling a lie.
According to which theory do feelings and arousal occur at the same time?
Cannon-Bard
A person may feel anxious when approaching a particular social situation, but she attributes her anxiety to the three cups of coffee that she had just an hour earlier rather than to the social situation. Which theory of emotion does this illustrate?
Schachter's cognitive theory
According to your text, emotional inteligence includes what?
understanding emotions, perceiving emotions, and managing emotions.
A typical polygraph will record changes in all of the following except what?
pupil dilation.
Foundation is to ______ as house is to ______.
Foundation is to temperment as house is to personality.
The disadvantage to personality types is that what?
they tend to oversimplify personality.
What is true concerning self-concept?
it guides what we pay attention to, remember, and think about.
_________ self-esteem is based on an accurate appraisal of your strengths and weaknesses.
Genuine self-esteem is based on an accurate appraisal of your strengths and weaknesses.
The traits that are shared by most members of a cultural group are called ________ traits.
The traits that are shared by most members of a cultural group are called common traits.
cAbraham Lincoln is often referred to as "Honest Abe" due to the trait of honesty being evident in everything he did. Honesty would likely be considered a ______ trait for Abraham Lincoln.
Abraham Lincoln is often referred to as "Honest Abe" due to the trait of honesty being evident in everything he did. Honesty would likely be considered a cardinal trait for Abraham Lincoln.
Sandy is a very friendly person who likes Chinese food. Sandy's friendliness is most likely a _____ trait, wheras her preference for Chinese cuisine is most ikely a(n) ________ trait.
Sandy is a very friendly person who likes Chinese food. Sandy's friendliness is most likely a central trait, wheras her preference for Chinese cuisine is most ikely a(n) secondary trait.
If through your studies, you find that people who are extroverted are typically sociable, talkative, and outgoing , you may have performed what Cattell referred to as a what?
factor analysis.
The 16 PF is designed to measure what?
source traits
Joan is very emotional and worries constantly. She would probably score high on the measure of which of the Big Five trait dimensions?
neuroticism
What dimensions refers to a person's willingness to try new ideas and new ways of doing things?
openness to experience.
A student who studies continuously throughout th esemester, turns in all work on time, and shows up to every class may be considered high on what Big Five personality dimension?
conscientiousness
Joe is fairly calm in the classroom, but when his teacher sees im at a basketball game, he is cheering and boisterous. This seeming change in personality is probably due to what?
the trait-situation interaction.
If a test measures what it puports to measure, it has what?
validity.
According to Freud, the _______ is an innate biological instinct and operates ont he pleasure principle.
According to Freud, the id is an innate biological instinct and operates ont he pleasure principle.
Which term did Freud consider to be the "executive" of personality?
ego
Which part of the personality might be referred to as your "internalized parent"?
superego
This is the level of awareness in which material can be easily brought to awareness.
preconscious
What is NOT on of Freud's psychosexual stages?
erogenous
In which stage would Freud likely find a person fixated is they regularly bit other people or items?
oral
Which of Freud's followers rejected Freud's claim that "anatomy is destiny"?
Horney
Which theorist believed that the ego "wore a mask, or persona"?
Jung
What is not an archetype?
superego
According to Dollard and Miller, _______ make up the structure of personality.
According to Dollard and Miller, habits make up the structure of personality.
Which of the four critical situations, according to Dollard and Miller, may create a basic passive or active orientation to the world?
early feeding experiences
Learning theorists believe that sex training is accomplished primarily by the child's what?
identification and imitation of models
What is NOT a focus of humanism?
unconscious urges
According to Maslow, a self-actualizer would be or possess what?
nonhostile sense of humor.
Rogers' concept of the ______ is most similar to Freud's concept of the ego ideal.
Rogers' concept of the ideal self is most similar to Freud's concept of the ego ideal.
According to Rogers, people who receive ______ are most likely to develop _______.
According to Rogers, people who receive unconditional positive regard are most likely to develop organismic valuing.
The MMPI-2 is an example of a what?
personality questionnaire.
The MMPI-2 contains _____ scales to detect attempts by the test taker to be dishonest or answer randomly.
The MMPI-2 contains vaidity scales to detect attempts by the test taker to be dishonest or answer randomly.
Having police officer candidates shoot at targets at a firing range is an example of what type of personality assessment?
situational testing
What is/are criticism(s) of projective personality test?
lack of objectivity, low reliability, and low validity.
According to a study of inmates at a California prison, sudden murderers are very likely to be what?
passive, shy and restrained.
Using behavioural principles to promote health and prevent illness is called?
health psychology
What is NOT a behavioural risk factor?
getting 7 to 8 hours of sleep each night.
In the Kolve, Collins, and Cortese (1997) study, what percentage of high school students had five or more drinks the previous month?
30%
The disease-prone personality is?
chronically depressed, anxious, and hostile.
Each of the following is a health-promoting behaviour mentioned in yoru textbook EXCEPT?
reducing alcohol intake to 2to3 drinks per day.
Which of the folowing, according to the textbook, is an emotional sign of stress?
anxiety
Part of the reason of professor's job is so stressful is that he or she never knows whether students will be cooperative or uncooperative in the classroom. This is an example of?
unpredictability
A ____ is a condition or even that challenges or threatens a person.
A stressor is a condition or even that challenges or threatens a person.
Marie, a nurse, no longer cares about her patients and treats them as objects-annoying objects, at that. She is suffering from which aspects of burnout?
emotional exhaustion
Deciding what you can do about a threatening situation is a(n)?
secondary appraisal
Jerry called the police when his neighbours got to noisy at their late-night party and refused to hear his please for them to hold it down. He is using ________coping.
Jerry called the police when his neighbours got to noisy at their late-night party and refused to hear his please for them to hold it down. He is using problem focused coping.
Engaging in meditation is an example of what type of coping?
emotion focused
Austin's marriaage proposal was met with laughter and a resounding "no thank." This is an example of what?
an external frustration.
What is NOT a factor listed in yoru textbook that may increase frustration?
intelligence of frustrated person.
While not always the first reaction to frustration, _____ is/are one of the most requent responses.
While not always the first reaction to frustration, aggression is one of the most requent responses.
If you choose to escape frustration, you might?
leave the situation entirely. pretend not to care. abuse drugs.
Annie wants to see the new James Bond movie, but she also wants to go to the concert in the park. She only has the one night off and must decide betwen the two. This is an example of what?
approach-approach conflict.
What would apply if you had to decide between getting a root canal or having a tooth extracted.
avoidance-avoidance conflict
Luke refused to believe that he had cancer, even when shown the results of the tests. It is possible that luke is experiencing?
denial
Which defense mechanism is relevant to a jealous husband who has a mistress on the side?
projection
"i couldn't turn my paper in on time because my printer broke last night.: This is probably an example of what?
rationalisation
Gary repeats to himself, "I am good enough, smart enough, and dog gone it, people like me," whenever he feels depressed. This might be an example of what?
a coping statement
Both learned helplessness and depression are marked by what?
hopelesness
What is NOT a reason that students get the blues?
increased freedoms and decreased supervision.
What is an immune resonse caused by stress?
a decrease in white and red blood cells
Whenever Rick is in the dentists chair, he tries to picture himself on the beach, with the noise of the surf nearby. He is using the stress management technique of what?
guided imagery
The pattern of acculturative stress that involves a person dopting a new culture as his or her own is called what?
assimilation
_____ are when psychological factors contribute to damagging changes in bodily functioning.
Psychosomatic disorders are when psychological factors contribute to damagging changes in bodily functioning.
Among the most common psychosomatic problems are what?
Gastrointestinal problems
Biofeedback has been successful in treating what?
drug abuse
The lethat characteristic of Type A is what?
ambition
The hardy personality is what?
is type A
In which stage of the GAS would you experience an apperance of normality?
resistance
Which of the following stages is typified by high levels of adrenal hormones?
mobilisation
In what stage would stress hormones be depleted?
exhaustion
Joe is an architectural draftsman. This is an example of what?
an acheived role
Shannon has a big test in chemistry on the same day that her preschooler comes down with the chicken pox. We would expect Shannon to experience what?
role conflict
The Stanford Prison Study conducted by Zimbardo and colleagues (1973) revealed the power of _______ in causing individuals to engage in destructive behaviour.
The Stanford Prison Study conducted by Zimbardo and colleagues (1973) revealed the power of social roles in causing individuals to engage in destructive behaviour.
The degree to which members of a group are committed to remaining in the group is called what?
group cohesiveness
What is FALSE concerning in-groups and out-groups?
More positive qualities are usually attached to the out-group.
The idea that a stationary point of light in a completely darkented room appears as thought it is morning is referred to as a what?
autokinetic effect
The distance at which impersonal business and casual gatherings take place is referred to as ______ distance.
The distance at which impersonal business and casual gatherings take place is referred to as social distance.
Which space term applies to formal interactions?
public
Attitudes are expressed through what?
beliefs, actions, and emotions.
You are worried because your teacher seems to dislike you. Other students tell you that she treats everybody the same way she treats you, and you feel better. This illustrates the ______ component of making attributions.
You are worried because your teacher seems to dislike you. Other students tell you that she treats everybody the same way she treats you, and you feel better. This illustrates the consistency component of making attributions.
Which term applies to the tendency to think that people in the audiences of infomercials applaud wildly because they are getting paid to do so?
situational demand
A student who is afraid of not making a sports team overpractices to the pint of exhaustion the day before tryouts. If the student does not make the team, he can attribute his failure to his exaustrion rather then to his lack of athletic ability. This student has engaged in what?
self-handicapping
When we attribute the actions of others to internal causes, we are experiencing what?
the fundamental attribution error.
Which term referes to the tendency to attribute our own actions to external causes while attributing the actions of others to internal causes?
actor-observer bias
"I may not have the greatest job in the world, but at least i'm not unemployed like Mark" would be an example of a what?
downward comparison
Which measure of attitude allows people to freely express them selves on a particular topic?
open ended interview
Any deliberate attempt to change attitudes fo beliefs is known as what?
persuasion
After buying a pair of shoes for more money than you had budgeted you experience emotional discomfort. This is an example of what?
cognitive dissonance
What is not a type of social power discussed in the text?
illegitamate power
Peet notices that he runs faster when others are present. This improved performance might be explained by what?
social facilitation
Althought each person on the tug-of-war team could pull their own weight, the overall strength of the team was less than the accumulative weights. This might be explained by the idea of experienceing what?
social loafing
Compared with men, women prefer what type of partners?
higher status partners
You stand on a street corner and look up. Pretty soon, other people nearby start looking up, too. This exemplifies what?
conformity
What would be most susceptible to groupl pressure?
people who are anxious.
What percentage of participants in the Asch (1956) conformity study agreed with the wrong line estimates of confederates at least on time?
75%
What is a way to prevent groupthink?
Have a devils advocate from outside the group.
What is a factor that may affect a person's degree of conformity with a group?
importance of the group and itelligence of the person.
What is it called if youa re forced to change your beliefs against your will?
coercion
_______ refers to the tendency for people to change their behaviour just because of the presence of other people.
Mere presence refers to the tendency for people to change their behaviour just because of the presence of other people.
In recruiting efforts, cults use what?
isolation, deception, and fear.
How many of Milgram's subjects went "all the way: and were willing to administer 450 volts of shock to a learner?
65%
Milgram found obedience to be least likely when the what??
subject was given instructions over the phone.
Kelli asked the person interested in her car to just sit in it. She then gave them the key and instructed them to start it up. Following this she had them take it for a quick drive around the block. Kelli appears to be using what effect?
the foot-in-the-door effect.
Telemarketers will often ask you tomake a donation to carity. They might ask for $100, which you refuse to do. Then they ask if you would give a smaller amount-say, $20. You agree, even though you don't usually donate money over the telephone. This is called what effect?
te door-in-the-face effect.
In Moriarty's study of passive compliance, _____% of the subjects said nothing when the accomplice cranked up th emusic to full volume.
80%
Terrence's desire to be around others is an example of what the text refers to as what?
need to affiliate.
Marcus found that when he played n a basketball team with players better than himself, he also improved his play. This is an example of what?
upwardd comparison
mary and Saundra were best friends in high school. They were both only childeren with older parents, liked music and art, and were honor students. Their interpersonal attraction seems to be based on what?
similarity.
At a party, Richard was attracted to Katie at first, but as she talked, she revealed soem very personal information about herself. Richard became uncomfortable an made an excuse to break away. Katie's mistake was what?
Overdisclosure.
Friendships between men tend to be based on what?
activities they do together.
According to social exchange theory, if the _____ of a relationship exceeds its ______, the relationship will probably end.
According to social exchange theory, if the costs of a relationship exceeds its rewards, the relationship will probably end.
Sternberg's triangular theory of love includes what?
passion, commitment, and intimacy.
People who want to be extremely close to their partners but are also troubled by doubts about the partner's dependability are experiencing what?
ambivalent attachment
When Dana was learning CPR she was taght to point at one person in the crowd and instruct them to call 911. She was told that by makng one person responsible, rather than relying on the crowd, she would be more likely to get help and would decrease what?
bystander apathy.
For a person to extend help to another they msut first do what?
Notice.
Aggression, prejudice, and conflict are examples of what behaviour?
antisocial behaviour
______ refers to any action carried out with the intent of harming another person.
Aggression refers to any action carried out with the intent of harming another person.
Unequal treatment of people who should have the same rights as others is called what?
discrimination
Which term refers to an attitude rather than a behaviour?
prejudice
Whic term is a type of displaced aggression?
scapegoating
When you personally have no reason to dislike an out-group byt your friends expect it of you, this is most likely what?
group prejudice
The focus on German superiority in Nazi Germany was an example of what?
ethnocentrism
The authoritarian personality is what?
highly ethnocentric, often severely punished as a child, and is usually very dogmatic.
Social sterotypes are what?
are oversimplified images of people.
Stereotype threat is associated with what?
lower performance, confirmation of the stereotype, and making people feel threatened, especially in tasks involving ability.
In the experiment on prejudice using the eye colour of children what happened?
the in-group became vicious.
The experiment 'prejuice using eye colour,' demonstrated how quickly children can be influenced to hate one another based on what?
status inequalities.
An old science fiction novel's plot involves an imminent attack on Earth by powerful, mysterious aliens. The different factions and governments on Earth put aside their hostilities to cooperate in defeating the larger enemy. This is an example of what?
superordinate goals
What is an example of a jegsaw classroom?
Each student contributing an essential piece to a group project.
What explanations for aggression has the least support?
aggresion as instinct.
Reduced emotional sensitivity to violence is called what?
desensitisation.
What is NOT one of th esix what parents can buffer the impact of TV?
Let children watch TV on thier own.
Equal-status contact does what?
lessens prejudice, refers to interacting on an equal footing, and often results in favorable changes in attitude towards others.
To limit anger, what should people do?
Choose a solution and try it.
Which factor most affects the diffusion of responsibility?
how many people are present.
Giving equal status to different ethnic and racial groups while appreciating the differences is known as what?
multiculturalism
Individuating information refers to a focus on the what?
person
After Donn was fired from his job, Ray concluded that Donn must have been lazy and deserved to be let go. Ray's belief is an example of what?
just-world beliefs.
If yoru psychology professor believes that everyone who sits in the back of the classroom is a poort student and acts in such a way that those students fail the class, we might suggest the presence of a what?
self-fulfilling prophesy.
_____ refers to the marriage of two people who are similar to one another.
Homogamy