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120 Cards in this Set

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AFFECT
OUTWARD EXPRESSION OF INTERNAL EMOTION
ANHEDONIA
TOTAL LOSS OF PLEASURE IN ACTIVITIES THAT USUALLY GIVE PLEASURE
AKINESIA
LOSS OF SPONTANEOUS SPEECH, DECREASED GESTURING, APATHY, DECREASED OR ABSENT MOVEMENTS; CAN BE A SIDE EFFECT OF ANTIPSYCHOTIC MEDS
AMBIVALENCE
HAVING TWO STRONG BUT OPPOSING FEELINGS OR IDEAS SIMULTANEOUSLY
APHASIA
LANGUAGE DISTURBANCE
APRAXIA
IMPAIRED ABILITY TO CARRY OUT MOTOR FUNCTIONS DESPITE INTACT MOTOR FUNCTION
ARBITRARY INFERENCE
DRAWING AN ERRONEOUS CONCLUSION FRFOM AN EXPERIENCE
AGNOSIA
FAILURE TO RECOGNIZE OR IDENTIFY NEW OBJECTS DESPITE INTACT SENSORY INFORMATION
AKATHISIA
HIGH LEVEL OF MOTOR AGITATION IN WHICH THERE IS A NEED TO MOE AROUND CONSTANTLY; EXTRAPYRAMIDAL SIDE EFFECT OF NEUROLEPTIC DRUGS
AVOIDANCE TRAINING
AVOIDING UNPLEASANT STIMULI BY AVOIDING UNDESIRED BEHAVIOR
BIOFEEDBACK
TECHNIQUE IN WHICH PATIENT IS PROVIDED ELECTRONIC FEEDBACK ON THEIR STATE OF RELAXATION TO BRING RESPONSES UNDER VOLUNTARY CONTROL
BLOCKING
SUDDEN CESSATION OF TRAIN OF THROUGHT
BRADYKINESIA
ABNORMAL SLOWNESS OF MOVEMENT AND MENTAL RESPONSES
CIRCUMSTANTIALITY
DIFFICULTY IN GETTING TO THE POINT BECAUSE OF UNNECESSARY OR TEDIOUS DETAILS AND IRRELEVANT PARENTHETICAL REMARKS
CLANG ASSOCIATIONS
PATTERNS OF SPEECH IN WHICH RHYMING OR PUNNING IS USED FOR WORD CHOICE.
CONFABULATION
UNCONSCIOUS FILLING-IN OF MEMORY WITH FABRICATED FACTS OR EXPERIENCES
COMPULSION
PERSISTENT IMPULSE TO REPEAT AN IRRATIONAL OR APPARENTLY USELESS ACT
CONFUSION
DISORIENTATION TO PERSON, PLACE OR TIME
COUNTERTRANSFERENCE
SITUATION IN WHICH THE THERAPIST TRANSFERS FEELINGS AND EMOTIONS OF PAST RELATIONSHIPS ONTO THE PATIENT
DEJA vU
AN ILLUSION IN WHICH A NEW SITUATION IS INCORRECTLY VIEWED AS A REPETITION OF A PREVIOUS SITUATION
DELIRIUM
ACUTE, REVERSIBLE, ORGANIC CONDITION WITH REDUCED ABILITY TO MAINTAIN ATTENTION TO EXTERNAL STIMULI AND DISORGANIZED THINKING
DELUSION
FALSE FIXED BELIEFS THAT ARE MAINTAINED DESPITE INCONTROVERTIBLE EVIDENCE TO THE CONTRARY AND ARE OUTSIDE THE CULTURE; MAY BE PARANOID, SOMATIC OR SHARED WITH ANOTHER PERSON
DELUSIONS OF GRANDEUR
DELUSION INVOLVING EXAGGERATED CONCEPT OF ONE'S OWN IMPORTANCE, POWER, KNOWLEDGE, OR THAT ONE HAS A SPECIAL RELATIONSHIP WITH A DEITY OR IMPORTANT PERSON
DELUSION OF PERSECUTION
DELUSION THAT OTHER PEOPLE ARE TRYING TO HARM, SPY ON, OR OTHERWISE INTERFERE WITH PERSONAL AFFAIRS
DELUSION OF REFERENCE
DELUSION THAT ORDINARY EVENTS, OBJECTS, OR BEHAVIORS OF OTHERS HAVE PARTICULAR MEANING SPECIFICALLY FOR ONSELF
DENIAL
IGNORING OR BEHAVING AS IF AN UNDESIREABLE SITUATION DOES NOT EXIST
DEPERSONALIZATION
BELIEF THAT ONE IS UNREAL, STRANGE, AND DETACHED FROM THE ENVIRONMENT
DEREALIZATION
BELIEF THAT THE REST OF THE WORLD IS UNREAL, STRANGE, AND DETACHED FROM ONESELF
DICHOTOMOUS THINKING
SEEING THINGS IN AN ALL OR NOTHING WAY
DISPLACEMENT
SHIFTING OF EMOTION ATTACHED TO ONE PERSON OR EVENT TO ANOTHER PERSON OR EVENT IN ORDER TO RESOLVE EMOTIONAL CONFLICT
CONFABULATION
UNCONSCIOUS FILLING-IN OF MEMORY WITH FABRICATED FACTS OR EXPERIENCES
COMPULSION
PERSISTENT IMPULSE TO REPEAT AN IRRATIONAL OR APPARENTLY USELESS ACT
CONFUSION
DISORIENTATION TO PERSON, PLACE OR TIME
COUNTERTRANSFERENCE
SITUATION IN WHICH THE THERAPIST TRANSFERS FEELINGS AND EMOTIONS OF PAST RELATIONSHIPS ONTO THE PATIENT
DEJA vU
AN ILLUSION IN WHICH A NEW SITUATION IS INCORRECTLY VIEWED AS A REPETITION OF A PREVIOUS SITUATION
DELIRIUM
ACUTE, REVERSIBLE, ORGANIC CONDITION WITH REDUCED ABILITY TO MAINTAIN ATTENTION TO EXTERNAL STIMULI AND DISORGANIZED THINKING
DELUSION
FALSE FIXED BELIEFS THAT ARE MAINTAINED DESPITE INCONTROVERTIBLE EVIDENCE TO THE CONTRARY AND ARE OUTSIDE THE CULTURE; MAY BE PARANOID, SOMATIC OR SHARED WITH ANOTHER PERSON
DELUSIONS OF GRANDEUR
DELUSION INVOLVING EXAGGERATED CONCEPT OF ONE'S OWN IMPORTANCE, POWER, KNOWLEDGE, OR THAT ONE HAS A SPECIAL RELATIONSHIP WITH A DEITY OR IMPORTANT PERSON
DELUSION OF PERSECUTION
DELUSION THAT OTHER PEOPLE ARE TRYING TO HARM, SPY ON, OR OTHERWISE INTERFERE WITH PERSONAL AFFAIRS
DELUSION OF REFERENCE
DELUSION THAT ORDINARY EVENTS, OBJECTS, OR BEHAVIORS OF OTHERS HAVE PARTICULAR MEANING SPECIFICALLY FOR ONSELF
DENIAL
IGNORING OR BEHAVING AS IF AN UNDESIREABLE SITUATION DOES NOT EXIST
DEPERSONALIZATION
BELIEF THAT ONE IS UNREAL, STRANGE, AND DETACHED FROM THE ENVIRONMENT
DEREALIZATION
BELIEF THAT THE REST OF THE WORLD IS UNREAL, STRANGE, AND DETACHED FROM ONESELF
DICHOTOMOUS THINKING
SEEING THINGS IN AN ALL OR NOTHING WAY
DISPLACEMENT
SHIFTING OF EMOTION ATTACHED TO ONE PERSON OR EVENT TO ANOTHER PERSON OR EVENT IN ORDER TO RESOLVE EMOTIONAL CONFLICT
DOUBLE DEPRESSION
MAJOR DEPRESSION SUPERIMPOSED ON TOP OF DYSTHYMIA
DYSTONIA
ABNORMAL MUSCLE TONE - INCLUDES TORTICOLLIS OCULOGYRIC CRISIS AND SUSTAINED CONTRACTION OF OTHER MUSCLE GROUPS INCLUDING THE TONGUE AND JAW
ECHOLALIA
STEREOTYPED REPETITION OF ANOTHER PERSON'S WORDS OR PHRASES
ECHOPRAXIA
STEROTYPED REPETITION OF ANOTHER PERSON'S BODY MOVEMENTS
EROTOMANIC DELUSION
FALSE BELIEF THAT SOMEONE ELSE, USUALLY OF HIGHER STATUS, IS IN LOVE WITH ONESELF
EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS
PLANNING, ORGANIZING, SEQUENCING AND ABSTRACTING
EXTINCTION
DECREASE OR LOSS OF A BEHAVIOR DUE TO THE LACK OF PISITIVE REINFORCEMENT
FLIGHT OF IDEAS
CONTINUOUS FLOW OF RAPID SPEECH THAT JUMPS FROM TOPIC TO TOPIC, USUALLY BASED ON ASSOCIATIONS BUT MAY BE TOTALLY DISORGANIZED
FLOODING
THERAPY IN WHICH THE PATIENT IS DIRECTLY EXPOSED TO THINGS THAT THEY WISH TO AVOID UNTIL THE WISH TO AVOID IT IS EXTINGUISHED
FORMICATION
TACTILE HALLUCINATION IN WHICH BUGS ARE FELT TO BE CRAWLING ON THE SKIN
FREE ASSOCIATION
TECHNIUE OF PSYCHOANALYTIC PSYCHOTHERAPY IN WHICH THE PATIENT SAYS WHAEVER COMES INTO HIS OR HER MIND
HALLUCINATIONS
FALSE PERCEPTIONS OF A SENSORY STIMULUS IN THE ABSENCE OF THAT STIMULUS; MAY INCLUDE AUDITORY, VISUAL, GUSTATORY, OLFACTORY, TACTILE, KINESTHETIC, HYPNAGOGIC OR HYPNOPOMPIC
HYPNAGOGIC
HALLUCINATION OCCURS WHILE WAKING UP
HYPNOSIS
THEUSE OF TRANCE STATES TO MAKE PATIENT MORE SUGGESTIBLE
HYPOMANIC
MANIC OR DEPRESSIVE TYPE MOOD THAT DOES NOT IMPAIR SOCIAL OR OCCUPATIONAL FUNCTIONING
HYPNOPOMPIC
HALLUCINATION OCCURS WHILE FALLING ASLEEP
IDEAS OF REFERENCE
INTERPRETATION OF UNRELATED EVENTS AS HAVING RELEVANCE TO ONESELF
ILLUSION
FALSE INTERPRETATION OF A REAL SENSORY INPUT
INSIGHT
PROCESS BY WHICH THE MEANING OF AN EXPERIENCE BECOMES CLEAR
INSOMNIA
DIFFICULTY IN FALLING ASLEEP OR STAYING ASLEEP; MAY BE INITIAL, MIDDLE OR TERMINAL
ISOLATION
WAY OF SEPARATING THE AFFECT FROM THE CONTENT OF PAINFUL EVENT; OFTEN BY OBJECTIFYING IT.
JARNAIS VU
FAMILIAR SITUATIONS ARE EXPERIENCED AS UNFAMILIAR
KINDLING SENSITIZATION THEORY
EXPOSURE TO AN EPISODE OF MOOD DISORDER PREDISPOSES A PERSON TO HAVE ANOTHER EPISODE OF THAT MOOD DISORDER
LABILE AFFECT
SUDDEN SHIFTS IN EMOTIONAL STATE
LOOSE ASSOCIATIONS
SHIFTING IDEAS FROM ONE TO ANOTHER WITH NO LOGICAL CONNECTION
MAGNIFICATION
MAKING AN EXPERIENCE "BIGGER THAN IT IS" TO GIVE IT A NEGATIVE INTERPRETATION
MINIMIZATION
MAKING AN EXPERIENCE "SMALLER THAN IT IS" TO GIVE IT A NEGATIVE INTERPRETATION
MIXED EPISODE
EPISODE OF MANIC DEPRESSION IN WHICH MANIA AND DEPRESSION OCCUR CONCURRENTLY
MOOD
SUBJECTIVE EXPERIENCE OF AN EMOTION
MOOD CONGRUENT
APPLIED TO AFFECT, HALLUCINATIONS AND DELUSIONS WHEN THE CONTENT IS CONSISTENT WITH THE PREDOMINANT MOOD; ASSOCIATED WITH AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
MOOD INCONGRUENT
APPLIED TO AFFECT, HALLUCINATIONS AND DELUSIONS WHEN THE CONTENT IS NOT CONSISTENT WITH THE PREDOMINANT MOOD; ASSOCIATED WITH PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS
NEOLOGISM
NEW WORDS CREATED OUT OF ELEMENTS OF OLD WORDS
NEUROLEPTIC MALIGNANT SYNDROME
COMPLICATION OF ANTIPSYCHOTIC MEDICATION; CAN INCLUDE THE DEVELOPMENT OF MUSCULAR RIGIDITY, ELEVATED TEMP, DIAPHORESIS, DYSPHAGIA, TREMOR, INCONTINENCE, MUTISM, TACHYCARDIA, LABILE BLOOD PRESSURE, LEUKOCYTOSIS, ELEVATED cpk AND ALTERED LEVELS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
OBSESSIONS
PERSISTENT INTRUISIVE THOUGHT, IDEA OR IMPULSE THAT IS UNWANTED AND DISTRESSING
OPISTHOTONUS
EXTREME HYPEREXTENSION OF HEAD, BACK, ANKLES AND FEET, ASSOCIATED WITH ACUTE DYSTONIC REACTIONS
ORGANIC BRAIN SYNDROM
SYNDROME OF MENTAL ILLNESS DUE TO AN ORGANIC CAUSE SUCH AS STROKE OR EPILEPSY
OVERGENERALIZATION
MAKING CONCLUSIONS ABOUT EXPERIENCES AND RELATIONSHIPS BASED ON LITTLE EXPERIENCE
PARANOID DELUSIONS
BELIEF THAT ONE IS THE CENTER OF A CONSPIRACY, THAT THEY AR BEING FOLLOWED OR THAT PEOPLE ARE THINKING BAD THOUGHTS ABOUT THEM; IDEATION IS SIMILAR BUT LESS FIRMLY HELD
PARKINSONIAN TREMOR
COARSE, RHYTHMIC, RESTING TREMOR WITH A FREQUENCY OF 3 AND 6 CYCLES PER SECOND; ASSOCIATED WITH USE OF NEUROLEPTICS
PRESERVATION
REPETITION OF THE SAME WORDS OR PHRASES AFTER THE STIMULUS FOR THE RESPONSE HAS CEASED
PERSONALITY DISORDER
PATTERN OR TRAIT OF BEHAVIOR THAT DIFFERS FROM OTHERS IN THE CULTURE; CODED ON AXIS II
PERSONALIZATION
INTERPRETING EVENTS AS APPLYING TO ONESELF WEN THEY HAVE NO RELATIONSHIP AT ALL
PHOBIA
AN ADMITTEDLY IFFATIONAL FEAR OF A PARTICULAR OBJECT OR SITUATION
POSITIVE IMAGERY
USE OF PLEASANT IMAGES TO IMPROVE MOOD OR DECREASE ANXIETY
POVERTY OF SPEECH
SPEECH THAT IS MINIMAL IN RESPONSE TO QUESTIONS
PRESSURED SPEECH
RAPID SPEECH THAT IS DIFFICULT TO INTERRUPT, COMMONLY FOUND IN MANIA
PROJECTION
ATTRIBUTING TO OTHERS UNWANTED FEELINGS OR IDEAS THAT ARE EXPERIENCED WITHIN ONESELF
PSEUDODEMENTIA
DEMENTIA-LIKE PRESENTATION DUE TO ANOTHER PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESS (EG, MAJOR DEPRESSION OR SCHIZOPHRENIA)
PSYCHOMOTOR AGITATION
MOTOR RESTLESSNESS AND HYPERACTIVITY
PSYCHOMOTOR RETARDATION
DECREASED MOTOR ACTIVITY
PSYCHOSIS
DISORDERED THINKING IN WHICH REALITY CANNOT BE DISTINGUISHED FROM FANTASY
PUNISHMENT
A SPECIFIC UNDESIRED BEHAVIOR IS FOLLOWED BY NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT
RABBIT SYNDROME
RAPID MOVMENTS OF THE LIPS THAT MIMIC CHEWING; ASSOCIATED WITH USE OF ANTIPSYCHOTIC MEDICAATIONS
REACTION FORMATION
SUBSTITUTING THE OPPOSITE ATTITUDE FOR ONE THAT IS PSYCHOLOGICALLY PAINFULL
REAL RELATIONSHIP
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PATIENT AND THE ANALYST THAT IS REALISTIC AND GENUINE
REGRESSION
RETURN TO A MORE PRIMITIVE WAY OF BEHAVIOR AS A WAY TO ADAPT TO A STRESSFUL SITUATION
REINFORCEMENT
FOLLOWING A DESIRED BEHAVIOR WITH A PLEASURABLE CONSEQUENCE
REPRESSION
SUPPRESSION OF PAINFUL EMOTIONS AND MEORIES FROM AWARENESS
RESISTANCE
ANY OPPOSITION THE PATIENT MAY GIVE TO EXPOSING THE SUBCONSCIOUS
SELECTIVE ABSTRACTION
TAKING A DETAIL OUT OF CONTEXT AND USING IT TO DENIGRATE THE WHOLE EXPERIENCE
SOCIOPATHIC
PERTAINING TO ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIORS SUCH AS IMPULSIVENESS, VIOLENCE, CAPRICIOUSNESS OR DELINQUENCY
SOMATIC DELUSIONS
BELIEF THAT A MECHANICAL DEVICE HAS BEEN PLACED IN ONE'S BODY, THAT ONE'S BODY IS UNDER THE CONTROL OF OTHERS OR THAT PART OF ONE'S BODY IS NOT THEIR OWN
SOMATIC HALLUCINATIONS
BELIEF THAT EXTERNAL FORCE IS CAUSEING SOMATIC EFFECTS ON ONE'S BODY, FREQUENTLY SEXUAL IN NATURE
SPLITTING
SITUATION IN WHICH THE PATIENT DIVIDES PEOPLE INTO THOSE WHO ARE GOOD AND THOSE WHO ARE BAD
STEREOTYPING
ISOLATED, PURPOSELESS MOVEMENT THAT IS PERFORMED REPEATEDLY
STUPOR
STAGE OF DEMENTED CONSCIOUSNESS THAT IS ONE STAGE MORE ALERT THAN COMA
TANGENTIALITY
OBLIQUE, DIGRESSIVE OR IRRELEVANT REPLIES TO QUESTIONS, NOT ADDRESSING THE CENTRAL THEME
TARDIVE DYSKINESIA
UNUSUAL MOTOR MOVEMENTS; COMMONLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE USE OF NEUROLEPTICS
THOUGHT BROADCASTING
BELIEF THAT THOUGHTS ARE BEING TRANSMITTED TO THE ENVIRONMENT
THOUGHT DISORDER
DISTURBANCE OF THINKING THAT AFFECTS THOUGHT CONTENT OR PROCESS
THOUGHT INSERTION
DELUSION THAT THOUGHTS THAT ARE NOT ONE'S OWN ARE BEING INSERTED INTO ONE'S HEAD
THOUGHT WITHDRAWAL
BELIEF THAT OTHER PEOPLE ARE TAKING ONE'S THOUGHTS AWAY
UNDOING
SUBSTITUTING ONE BEHAVIOR FOR ANOTHER IN AN ATTEMPT TO MODIFY THE INITIAL BEHAVIOR
VEGETATIVE SIGNS
INCLUDE DISTURBANCES OF SLEEP, LOSS OF APPETITE, WEIGHTLOSS, CONSTIPATION AND LOSS OF SEXUAL INTEREST
WORD SALAD
MEANINGLESS MIX OF WORDS AND PHRASES