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34 Cards in this Set

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What is the leading cause of neonatal meningitis?
Streptococcus agalactiae
Staphylococcus aureus
the release of exfoliative toxin by this organism results in the disease Impetigo
Staphylococcus saprophyticus
this organism is associated with commonly causing urinary tract infections in sexually active young adult and adolescent females
Mycobacterium leprae
which of the following organisms would be considered least virulent
Clostridium tetani
production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of:
Clostridium perfringens
this organisms can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes, and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis
Causes a unique 21-day cyclic fever
all of the following pertain to Listeria monocytogenes except:
Diphtheria
the formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in
antibiotics cannot treat and cure tuberculosis
all of the following pertain to tuberculosis except:
influenza (flu)
which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
Treponena pallidum subspecies pallidum:
[all of the choices are correct] causes syphilis; can cross the placenta; is a spirochete; is transmitted by direct sexual contact.
Secondary
stage of syphilis that fever, lymphadenopathy, and a red-to-brown rash occurs
Tertiary
stage of syphilis that permanent cardiovascular and neurological damage is seen
Lyme disease
erythema migrans, a bull's-eye rash at the portal of entry, is associated with:
Neuraminidase
the enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is:
bacterial pneumonia
influenza infection predisposes compromised patients for acquiring:
measles
oral lesions called Koplik's spots are seen in patients with:
rubella
this febrile disease with a rash has a pathogen that can cross the placenta and cause serious fetal damage:
rabies
not caused by a prion
yellow fever
what is a hemorrhagic fever?
spongiform encephalopathies are:
[all of the above] associated with abnormal, transmissible, protein in the brain; chronic, fatal infections of the nervous system; caused by prions; asociated with CJD.
Pneumocystis (carinii) jiroveci
this opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients
how does acanthamoeba differ from Naegleria fowleri?
only acanthamoeba enters typically through broken skin or the conjunctiva
which of the following is an apicomplexian parasite?
toxoplasma gondii
which of the following is not a protozoal disease?
tetanus
trypanosoma brucei
causes african sleeping sickness
T/F: It is theorized that rheumatic fever could be the result of antibodies to Streptococcus pyogenes that cross-react with patient cardiac tissue.
true
T/F: Impetigo involves itching papules that break and form a very contagious yellow crust.
true
T/F: Tetanus can be prevented with the DTaP childhood immunization and boosters of the tetanus toxoid.
true
T/F: A black eschar develops on the hand or arm of a patient with measles.
false
T/F: Chlamydias and rickettsias are unusual bacteria because they do not have cell walls.
false
T/F: Chlamydiosis can lead to ectopic pregnancy and pelvic inflammatory disease.
true
T/F: A person carrying one gene for sickle-cell hemoglobin will be resistant to Plasmodium infection.
true
T/F: Herpes Simplex Virus 1 and 2 can cause encephalitis in neonates.
true