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36 Cards in this Set

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Dermatophysoses
Fungal skin infections (tinea)
jock itch, athlets foot, ring worm.
Candida
Candida albicans
candidiasis = thrush
dyflucan
3 types of
Vaginitis
Gardnerella vaginalis
Candida albicans
Trichomonas vaginalis
S/S of
Gardnerella vaginalis
treatment of Gardnerella vaginalis
frothy discharge, smells fish like
Abx: tetraycline
S/S of
Candida albicans
treatment of
candida albicans
white cheese discharge, no oder, lots of itching
OTC dyflucan
S/S of Trichomonas vaginalis
treatment of Trichomonas vaginalis
(protozoan)
greenish, yellow fowel dishcarge -STD, itching
antiprotozoan
What is
Plasmodium associated with
Molaria
S/S of Plasmodium
(protozoan)
fever, 25-75% hemoglobin will be destroyed, when organism breaks out of red blood cells
Toxoplasm
protozoan
Toxoplasma gondii
fecal/oral/inhilation of cat feces
birthdefects, blindness, still births, can cross plasinita
two types of
Herpes Simplex virus
(HSV)
HSV1: cold sores
HSV2: genital herpies
Varicella zoster
chicken pox and Shingles
respratory droplets
Mononucleosis or HHV4
Epstein-Barr Virus
S/S Epstein-Barr Virus
fever, sore throat, generally tired, weak, swollen lymph
Papillomavirus
HPV, Genital warts
cervical cancer, anal cancer, vaginal, and penil cancer are all associated /c which virus
Papillomavirus
HPV
Hepatitis is associated /c which organ
Liver
Hepatitis A (RNA or DNA)
transmitted/associated?
treatment?
RNA virus
fecal/oral; restrant food poising
no treatment-vaccine for A
Hepatitis B (RNA or DNA)
transmitted/associated?
treatment?
DNA virus
via blood, sex; to baby during delivery
replicated in liver, and hide
Hepatitis C (RNA or DNA)
transmitted/associated?
treatment?
2 different RNA virus
via blood, cerosis/hardening of liver
no vaccine, someone infected can keep getting infected
Hepatitis D (RNA or DNA)
transmitted/associated?
treatment?
RNA virus
enveloped virus- gets Hep. B envelope
highest mortality rate
Hepatitis E (RNA or DNA)
transmitted/associated?
treatment?
RNA virus
fecal/oral
mortality rate low - pregnancy 20% mortality
S/S food poisoning
Common cold (RNA or DNA)
RNA
more than 200 viruses
no vaccine for high mutation rate and Obligate intracellular parasite
Poliomyelitis
Polio; infantile paralyzes
fecal oral; RNA virus
vaccine
Encephalitis
Immflamation of the brain
same pathology as W. Nile, Eastern Equine
S/S encephalitis
fever, chills, headache
no vaccine
prevention: eradicate mosquitoes
Dengue Fever
Hemorragic fever
via mosquitoes
problem /c reinfection, if reinfected 3rd time - fatal; hemoragic fever, bleed out
no vaccine
Rabies
Rhaddovirdae
causes encephalitis
via muscle, stay multiplying in muscle to PNS & cns
S/S fever, headache, paralysis at site of puncture
Ebola Virus
Ebola hemorrhagic fever
transmitted via body fluid
S/S; fever headache, muscle ache, N/V.
4 strains -
why does Influenza have high mutation rate
hemagglutinin and neuraminidase spikes,
ex: H0N1 - flu of 1918-1920
when it is a large mutation change in flu, it is known as what kind of shift?
Antigenic shift
small mutation in influenza, it is known as what?
Angigenic drift.
MMR refers to what?
Rubella (german measles), Rubeola (measles), and Mumps
paramixo virus?
rubeola and mumps
4 types of Meningitis
S. pneumonia - adult
Listeria monocytogenes - via dairy foods
Neisseria meningitides - teens to twenty (menigicacil)
Haemophilus influenzae- kids under4 yo - to 6 mo.
treatment and prevention for HIV
gene therapy
AZT - nucleoside analogs
protease inhibiters
4 types of hypersensitivity
Type 1-anaphylactic shock - IgE, release of histamine
Type 2 - IgG and IgM, Cytotoxic, body believes as foreign
Type 3 - immune complex - body attacks self
type 4 - Cell-mediated, organ transplant