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93 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
naso
nose
sinuso
sinuses
pharyngo
pharynx
laryngo
larynx
epiglotto
epiglotis
tracheo
trachea
broncho/bronchio
bronchi
alveolo
alveoli
pneumo/pneumono/pulmono
lungs
atelo
incomplete/imperfect
cyano
blue
-ectasis
stretching/dialation/enlargement
oxi/oxo/oxy
presence of oxygen
phono
sound/voice
pleuro
pleura/side of body
-pnea
breathing
tachy-
fast/rapid
thoraco/-thorax
chest
tracheo
trachea/windpipe
anoxia
the absence of oxygen from the blood gases or tissues
anthracosis
the form of pneumoconiosis caused by coal dust in the lungs aka black lung disease
antitussive
medication administered to prevent or relieve coughing
aphonia
the loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds
apnea
the absence of spontaneous respiration
asbestosis
the form of pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos particles in the lungs
asphyxia
the condition that occurs when the body cannot get the air it needs to function
asphyxiation
any interruption of breathing resulting in asphyxia aka suffocation
asthma
a chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, wheezing
atelectasis
a condistion in which the lung fails to expand completely due to shallow breathing or because the air passages are blocked
bradypnea
abnormally slow rate of respiration <10 breaths per minute
bronchiectasis
chronic irreversible enlargement of bronchi or bronchioles
bronchodilator
an agent that expands the opening of the passages into the lungs
bronchorrhea
an excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi
bronchoscopy
the visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope
Chyene-Stokes respiration
a pattern of alternating periods of hypopnea, or apnea, followed by hyperpnea
croup
an acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough
cystic fibrosis
a genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus
diptheria
an acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract that can result in damage to the heart muscle and peripheral nerves
dysphonia
any change in vocal quality including hoarseness, weakness, or the cracking of a boy's voice in puberty
dyspnea
difficult or labored breathing; also known as shortness of breath
emphysema
the progressive loss of lung function that is commonly attibuted to long term smoking
empyema
an accumulation of pus or infected fluid in the pleural cavity aka pyothorax
endotracheal intubation
the passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway
epistaxis
bleeding from the nose that is usually caused by an injury, excessive use of blood thinners, or bleeding disorders; aka nosebleed
hemoptysis
coughing up of blood or bloodstained septum
hemothorax
blood in the pleural cavity
hypercapnia
the abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood
hyperpnea
an increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements
hypopnea
shallow or slow respiration
hypoxemia
a condition of having subnormal oxygen level in the blood
hypoxia
the condition of having subnormal oxygen levels in the body tissues and cells; less severe than anoxia
laryngectomy
the surgical removal of the larynx
laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx
laryngoplegia
paralysis of the larynx
laryngoscopy
the visual examination of the larynx using a laryngoscope
mediastinum
cavity located between the lungs containing heart esophagus, trachea, bronchi, thymus, and lymph nodes
nebulizer
a medical device that dispenses medication in the form of a mist that is inhaled via a face mask
otolaryngologist
ear and throat specialist
pertussis
a contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by recurrent bouts of paoxysmal cough; aka whooping cough
pharyngitis
inflammation of the pharynx aka sore throat
pharyngoplasty
surgical repair of pharynx
pleurectomy
surgical removal of part of the pleura
pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain w/ each breath aka pleuritis
pleurodynia
pain in the pleura or in the side
pneumoconiosis
an abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs that usually develops after years of environmental or occupational contact
pneumonectomy
the surgical removal of all or part of a lung
pneumothorax
the accumulation of air in the pleural space causing a pressure impalance that may make the lung collapse
polysomnography
the diagnostic measurement of physiological activity during sleep aka as sleep apnea study
pulmonologist
lung doctor
pulse oximeter
an external monitor that measures the oxygen saturation level in the blood
pyothorax
an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity aka empyema
sinusitis
inflammation of the sinuses
spirometry
a noninvasive test in which a patient breathes into a device that measures airflow, the length of time of each breath, and air volume
tachypnea
abnormally rapid breathing >20 breaths per minute
thoracentesis
the surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity
thoracostomy
the surgical creation of an opening into the chest cavity to est. draining of empyema
tracheostomy
the creation of an opening into the trachea and inserting a tube to facilitate the passage of air or the removal of secretions
tracheotomy
an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage
tuberculosis
an infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis that usually attacks the lungs aka TB
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CF
cystic fibrosis
diph
diphtheria
PCP
pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
PPV
positive pressure ventilation
PD
postural drainage
PFT
pulmonary function test
PPD
purified protein derivative
R, resp
respiration
RF
respiratory failure
RR
respiratory rate
SARS
severe acute respiratory syndrome
SIDS
sudden infant death syndrome
URI
upper respiratory infection