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101 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
albumino
protein
calci
calcium, lime, the need
flouro
glowing
glycoso
glucose, sugar
-graph
picture, record, machine
-graphy
process of producing picture
hemato
blood
laparo
abdomen, abdominal wall
-ous
pertaining to
per
excessive
phlebo
vein
radio
radiation, xrays
-scope
instrument for visual exam
-scopy
visual exam
-uria
urine
abdomniocentesis
the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
agglutination
blood tests perfomed to determine the patient's blood type and to check compatibility of donor and recipient blood before a transfusion
albuminuria
the presence of ther protein albumin in the urine that is a sign of impaired kidney function
arthrocentesis
surgical puncture of the joint space to remove synovial fluid for analysis
auscultation
listening through a stethoscope for respiratory, heart, and abdominal sounds within the body
bacteriuria
presence of bacteria in the urine
bruit
an abnormal intermittent musical sound heard in auscultation of a vein or artery
calciuria
abnormal presence of calcium in the urine
computerized tomography
an imaging technique that uses a thin, fan-shaped xray beam to produce multiple cross-sectional views
contraindication
a factor in the patient's condition that makes the use of a drug dangerous or ill advised
creatinuria
an increased concentration of creatine in the urine
endoscope
a fiber optic instrument used for endoscopy and named for the body parts involved
fluoroscopy
an imaging technique used to visualize body parts in motion by projecting xray images on a luminous fluorescent screen
glycosuria
the presence of glucose in the urine
hematocrit
a blood test that measures the precentage by volume of packed red blood cells ina whole blood sample
hematuria
presence of blood in urine
hyperthermia
an extremely high fever
hypothermia
an abnormally low body temp.
idiosyncratic reaction
an unexpected reaction to a drug
immunofluorescence
a method of tagging antibodies w/ a fluorescent dye to detect or localize antigen-antibody combos
intradermal injection
administration of meds by injection into middle layers of skin
intramuscular injection
administration of meds by injection directly into muscle tissue
intravenous injection
administration of meds by injection directly into vein
ketonuria
presence of ketones in urine
laparoscopy
visual examination of the interior of abdomen w/ use of laparoscope
lithotomy position
an examination position in which the patient is supine w/ the feet and legs raised and supported stirrups
magnetic resonance imaging
an imaging technique that uses a combo of radio waves and a strong magnetic field to create signals that are sent to a computer and converted into images of any plane thru the body
opthalmoscope
an instrument used to examine the interior of the eye
otoscope
an instrument used to visually examine the external ear canal and tympanic membrane
palliative
a substance that eases the pain or severity of a disease but does not cure it
palpation
an exam technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, location of certain body parts
parenteral
administration of meds thru a hypodermic syringe
percussion
a diagnostic proc. to determine the density of a body area that uses the sound produced by tapping the surface w/ the finger of an instrument
percutaneous treatment
proc. that is performed thru the skin
pericardiocentesis
a surgical puncture to draw fluid from the pericardial sac for diagnostic purposes or to relieve pressure on the heart
phlebotomist
individual trained and skilled in phlebotomy
phlebotomy
puncture of a vein for the purposes of drawing blood
placebo
substance w/ no active ingredients that's given for its suggestive effects
positron emission tomography
imagine technique; combines tomography w/ radionuclide tracers to produce enhanced images of selected body organs or areas
potentiation
a drug interaction that occurs when the effect of one drug is increased by another drug
prone position
lying on belly w/ face down
proteinuria
presence of abnormal amt of protein in urine
pyuria
pus in urine
radioimmunoassay
a lab tech. in which a radioactively labled substance in mixed w/ a blood specimen
radiolucent
a substance that allows xrays to pass thru and appears black or dark gray on film
radiopaque
a substance that does not allow xrays to pass thru and appears white or lt. gray on film
rale
an abnormal rattle or crackle-like respiratory sound heard while breathing in
rhonchus
an added musical sound occurring during breathing that is caused by a partially obstructed airway aka wheezing
Sim's position
an exam position in which the patient is lying on the left side w/ the right knee and thigh drawn up w/ the left arm pladed along the back
single photon emission computerized tomography
SPECT; nuclear imaging tech. in which pictures are taken by one to three gamma cameras after a radionuclide tracer has been injected into blood
speculum
an instrument used to enlarge the opening of any canal or cavity to facilitate inspection of its interior
sphygmomanometer
used to measure BP
stethoscope
used to measure sounds w/in body
stridor
abnormal high-pitched harsh crowing sound heard during inspiration
subcutaneous injections
administration of meds by injection into fatty layer just below skin
supine position
lying on back w/ face up
transesophageal echocardiography
an ultrasonic imaging tech. that is performed from inside the esophagus to evaluate heart sounds
ultrasonography
imaging of deep body structures by recording the echoes of pulses of sound waves above the range of human hearing; aka ultrasound
urinalysis
exam of urine to deterimine precense of abnormal elements
venipuncture
puncture of a vein for purpose of drawing blood; aka phlebotomy
ADR
adverse drug reaction
AP
anteroposterior
Ba
barium
BP
blood pressure
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
CBC
complete blood count
CT
computerized tomography
ECHO
efchocardiography
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
Hct, hct
hematocrit
ID
intradermal
IM
intramuscular
IV
intravenous
lat
lateral
MRA
magnetic resonance imaging
q.i.d.
4x a day
ac
before meals
b.i.d.
2x daily
c (w/ bar over it)
w/
NPO
nothing by mouth
p.c.
after meals
p.o.
by mouth
p.r.n.
as needed
q.d.
every day
q.h.
every hour
t.i.d.
3x a day