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82 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
nephro/reno
kidneys
pyelo
renal pelvis
uro/urino
urine
uretero
ureters
cysto
urinary bladder
urethro
urethra
dia-
through, between, apart, complete
-cele
hernia, tumor, swelling
-ectasis
stretching, dilation, enlargement
glomerulo
glomerulus
litho
stone, calculus
-lysis
breakdown
-pexy
surgical fixation
-tripsy
to crush
-uria
urination, urine
anuria
the absence of urine formation from the kidneys
catheterization
the w/drawal of urine from the urinary bladder to obtain a sterile specimine for diagnostic purposes, w/drawal to control incontinence or placement of fluid into bladder
cystitis
inflammation of bladder
cystocele
a hernia of the bladder thru vaginal wall aka fallen bladder
cystolith
stone located in urinary bladder
cystopexy
the surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall
cystoscopy
visual examination of the urinary bladder using cystoscope aka cysto
diabetic nephropathy
a kidney disease that is the result of thickening and sclerosis of the glomeruli caused by long-term diabetes mellitus
dialysis
a procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function
diuretics
medications administered to increase urine secretion to rid body of excess water/sodium
dysuria
difficult or painful urination
enuresis
the involuntary discharge of urine
epispadias
a congenital abnormality affecting the opening of the urethral meatus
glomerulonephritis
a form of nephritis that involves primarily the glomeruli
hemodialysis
a procedure that filters waste products from the patient's blood to replace the function of damaged kidneys
hydronephrosis
the dilation of one or both kidneys that is the result of an obstruction of the flow of urine
hydroureter
the distention of the ureter w/ urine that cannot flow b/c the ureter is blocked
hyperlipidemia
the condition of elevated plasma concentrations of cholesterol, triglycerides and lipoproteins
hyperproteinuria
the presence of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine
hypoproteininemia
the presence of abnormally low concentrations of protein in the urine
hypospadias
the congenital abnormality of the placement of the urethral opening in the male is on under surface of penis on female opening is into vagina
incontinence
inability to control excretory functions
interstitial cystitis
a chronic inflammation and scarring of the alveoli and their supporting structures
intravenous pyelogram
a series of timed radiographic studies of the kidneys and ureters used to diagnose changes in urinary tract
lithotomy
a surgical incision for the removal of a stone usually from the bladder
lithotripsy
the destruction of a kidney urinary or bladder stone w/ the use of high energy ultrasonic waves traveling through water or gel; aka extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
meatotomy
an incision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening
micturition
urinating
nephrectasis
the distention of a kidney
nephritis
inflammation of kidney
nephrolith
a stone located in the kidney aka renal calculus or kidney stone
nephrolithiasis
a disorder characterized by the presence of a stone or stones in the kidney
nephrolysis
the freeing of a kidney from an adhesion
nephroptosis
the downward displacement of a kidney aka floating kidney
nephropyosis
suppuration of the kidney
nephrostomy
the establishment of an opening between the pelvis of the kidney and exterior of the body
nephrotic syndrome
a condition in which very high levels of protein are lost in the urine and low levels of protein are present in the blood
nocturia
excessive urination during hte night
oliguria
scanty urination
paraspadias
a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethral opening is on one side of the penis
percutaneous nephrolithotomy
treatment of a kidney stone that is performed w/ a nephroscope inserted thru a small incision in back
peritoneal dialysis
dialysis in which the lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood
polycystic kidney diease
an inherited kidney disorder in which the kidneys become enlarged b/c of multiple cysts
pyeloplasty
the surgical repair of the renal pelvis
pyelotomy
a surgical incision into the renal pelvis
suprapubic catheterization
the placement of a catheter into the bladder thru a small incision made thru the abdominal wall above the pubic bone
uremia
a toxic condition caused by excessive amounts of urea and other waste products in the bloodstream; aslo known as uremic poisoning
ureterectasis
the distention of a ureter
ureterolith
a stone located in ureter
ureterorrhagia
the discharge of bloode from ureter
ureterorrhaphy
surgical suturing of a ureter
ureterostenosis
narrowing of the ureter due to a stricture caused by scar tissue
urethritis
inflammation of ureter
urethropexy
surgical fixation of urethra usually for the correction of urinary stress incontinence
urethrorrhagia
bleeding from urethra
urethrorrhea
an abnormal discharge from the urethra
urethrostenosis
abnormal narrowing of urethra
urethrostomy
the surgical creation of a permanent opening between the urethra and skin
vesicovaginal fistula
abnormal opening between bladder and vagina
voiding cystourethrography
in which a flouroscope is used to examine the flow of urine from the bladder and thru the urethra
ARF
acute renal failure
cath
catheterization
CAPD
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CRF
chronic renal failure
cysto
cystoscopy
ESRD
end stage renal disease
ESWL
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy