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83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
albino
white
bio
life
erythro
red
dermo, dermato
skin
hidro
sweat glands
kerato
horny, hard, cornea
lipo
fat, lipid
melano
black, dark
myco
fungus
onycho
hail
pediculo
lice
pilo
hair
rhytido
wrinkle
sebo
sebum
xero
dry
cutaneo
skin
unguo
nails
comedo
noninfected lesion, buildup of sebum and keratin in hair follicle, exposed to air becomes blackhead
seborrhea
any of severao common skin conditions where there's an over production of sebum
diaphoresis
profuse sweating, normal condition
miliaria
heat rash, prickly heat, intensley itchy rash caused by blockage of sweat glands by bacteria or dead cells
folliculitis
inflammation of hair follicles that is esp. common on limbs and beard area on men
hirsutism
presence of excessive bodily and facial hair in women, usually occurring in a male pattern, hereditary or hormonal imbalance
alopecia
baldness
koilonychia
spoon nail, malformation of nails where outer surface is scooped out like bowl of spoon, indicates iron deficiency anemia
onychocryptosis
ingrown toenail, edges of toenail curve inward and cut into skin, prone to inflammation
onychomycosis
fungal infection of nail, may cause nails to turn white, yellow, green, black depending on fungus and become thick and brittle
paronychia
acute or chronic infection of skin fold around a nail
albinism
inherited deficiency or absence of pigment in skin, hair and irises due to missing enzyme necessary for production of melanin
chloasma
aka melasma or mask of pregnancy, characterized by brownish spots on face,
vitiligo
loss of melanin resulting in whitish areas of skin usually on face/ hands
petechiae
small pinpoint hemorrhages sometimes result from fevers
purpura
spontaneous bruises and hemorrhages in internal organs and other tissues
ecchymosis
irregular area of purplish discoloration that is larger than 10 mm in diameter, bruises sometimes result of blood disorder
hematoma
swelling of clotted blood trapped in the tissues that is usually caused by an injury, body eventually resorbs this blood
macule
aka macula, discolored, flat spot that is less than 1 cm in diameter. ex: freckles or flat moles
papule
small raised red lesion that is less than .5 cm in diameter. small pimples and insect bites are examples. does not contain pus
verrucae
aka warts are small hard skin lesions caused by human papiloma virus.
wheal
aka welt, small bump that itches.
purulent
means producing or containing pus (abcesses contain pus caused by purulent bacterial infection)
decubitus ulcer
aka pressure ulcer or bedsore, an ulcerated area in which prolonged pressure causes tissue death
strawberry hemangioma
solft raised dark reddish purple birthmark, is a benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels
dermatitis
means an inflammation of the skin, takes many forms ,redness, swelling, itching
pruritus
aka itching associated w/ most forms of dermatitis
eczema
form of dermatitis that is usually associated w/ severe itching
erythema
any redness of the skin due to dilated capillaries including a nervous blush, inflammation, or sunburn
erythroderma
aka exfoliative dermatitis (ED) is a condition in which there is widespread erythema accompanied by scaling of skin
ichthyosis
group of hereditary disorders characterized by dry thickened and scaly skin
lupus erythematosus
aka systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune disorder characterized by red scaly rash on face and upper trunk also attacks connective tissue esp joints
lipedema
chronic swelling caused by collection of fat and fluid under the skin usually affects middle age women between calf and ankle
psoriasis
common skin disorder characterized by flare-ups in which red papules covered w/ silvery scales occur on elbows, knees, scalp, back, butt
rosacea
chronic condition of unknown cause that produces redness, tiny pimples, and broken blood vessels, it usually occurs on the central area of the face
scleroderma
an autoimmune disorder connective tissues become thickened and hardened affects joints and internal organs
urticaria
aka hives, are wheals caused by an allergic reaction
xeroderma
aka xerosis is excessively dry skin
furuncles
aka boils are large tender swollen areas caused by a staphylococcal infection around hair follicles or sebaceous glands
carbuncle
cluster of connected furuncles
cellulitis
an acute rapidly spreading infection w/ in the connective tissue swelling warmth and red streaks
impetigo
contagious bacterial skin infection pustules become crusted and rupture
necrotizing fasciitis
aka flesh-eating bacteria is caused by group A strep if untreated infected body tissue is destroyed and can be fatal
tinea
fungal infection, ringworm
scabies
skin infection caused by an infestation w/ the itch mite that produces distinctive brown lines and itchy rash
pediculosis
infestation w/ lice
cicatrix
normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound
granuloma
knotlike swellings of granulation tissue in epidermis
keloid
abnormally raised or thickened scar that expands beyonde the boundaries of the incision. tendency to form is inherited
keratosis
any skin growth such as a wart or callus in which there is an overgrowth and thickening of skin
lipoma
benign fatty deposit under the skin that causes a bump
dysplastic nevi
are atypical moles that may develop into skin cancer
papilloma
benign superficial wartlike growth on the epithelial tissue or elsewhere in body
malignant melanoma
type of skin cancer that occurs in melanocytes may spread thru lymphatic system or blood. least common most dangerous and sometimes fatal
actinic keratosis
skin lesion caused by excessive exposure to sun, rough red, scaly, may be precancerous
exfoliative cytology
technique in which cells are scraped from tissue and examined under microscope
debridement
removal of dirt foreign objects damaged tissue and cellular debris from wound to prvent infection and promote healing
blepharoplasty
aka lid lift is the surgical reduction of the upper and lower eyelids by removing excess fat skin and muscle
rhytidectomy
aka facelift, surgical removal of excess skin and fat for the elimination of wrinkles
bulla
a large blister
CRYO
cryosurgery
debr
debridement
Ez
eczema
I & D
incision and drainage
SPF
sun protection factor
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus