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92 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
acro
extremities
adreno
adrenal glands
crino
secrete
-dipsia
thirst
gonado
gonads
-ism
condition
pancreato
pancreatic islets
parathyroido
parathyroid glands
pinealo
pineal gland
pituitaro
pitituary gland
poly
many
somato
body
thymo
thymus
thyro/thyroido
thyroid gland
-tropin
to stimulate/act on
anabolic steroids
chemically related to testosterone, have been used illegally by athletes to increase strength
hypercrinism
condition caused by excessive secretion of any gland, esp. an endocrine
hypocrinism
condition caused by deficient secretion of any gland, esp. an endocrine gland
oxytocin
secreted by pituitary; stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone after puberty
giantism
abnormal overgrowth of the body causee by excessive secretion of the growth hormone before puberty
hyperpituitarism
pathology that results in the excessive secretion by the anterior lobe of pitituary gland
hypopituitarism
condition of reduced secretion due to the partial or complete loss of the function of the anterior lobe of pituitary gland
pituitarism
any disorder of pituitary function
pituitary adenoma
is a benign tumor of the pituitary gland that causes excess secretion of the adrenocorticotropic hormone
prolactin-producing adenoma
aka prolactinoma is a benign tumor of the pituitary gland that causes it to produce too much prolactin; causes infertility/impotence
diabetes insipidus
caused by insufficient production of the antidiuetic hormone or by the inability of the kidneys to respond to this hormone; causes too much fluid excretion
thyroxine
one of the primary thyroid hormones; influences the rate of metabolism; secretion controlled by thyroid stimulating hormone
calcitonin
aka thyrocalcitonin; works w/ parathyroid to regulate calcium in the blood and tissues
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
autoimmune disorder; immune system mistakinly attacks thyroid tissue
hypothyroidism
aka underactive thyroid; deficiency of thyroid secretion; causes fatique, depression, sensitivity to cold, decreased metabolism
cretinism
congenital form of hypothyroidism
myxedema
severe form of adult hypothyroidism; enlarged tongue, puffy hands/face
hyperthyroidism
conidtion of excessive thyroid hormones in the bloodstream; increased metabolism sweating, nervousness
Thyrotoxicosis
aka thyroid storm; fatal condition resulting from release of excessive quantities of thyroid hormone into bloodstream
Grave's disease
autoimmune disorder; form of hyperthyroidism characterized by goiter and or exopthalmos
goiter
aka thyromegaly is abnormal enlargement of thyroid gland; produces swelling in front of neck
exopthalmos
abnormal protrusion of eyes
chemical thyroidectomy
aka radioactive iodine therapy; administration of radioactive iodine to destroy thyroid cells
hypocalcemia
characterized by abnormally low levels of calcium in blood
tetany
periodic painful muscle spasms
hypercalcemia
abnormally high levels of calcium in blood
electrolytes
mineral substances
epinephrine
aka adrenaline and norepinephrine; stimulates sympathetic nervous system
adrenalitis
inflammation of adrenal gland
addison's disease
condition occuring when adrenal glands don't produce enough of the hormones cortisol or aldosterone; fatiguq, muscle weakness, weight loss
aldosteronism
abnormality of electrolyte balance caused by excessive secretion of aldosterone
pheochromocytoma
benign tumor of adrenal medulla; causes it to produce excess epinephrine
Cushing's syndrome
aka hypercortisolim, caused by prolongd exposure to high levels of cortisol; causes moon face
laparoscopic adrenalectomy
minimally invasive surgial removal of adrenal gland(s)
glucagon
hormone secreted by alpha cells of pancreatic islets in response to low blood sugar levels
hyperglycemia
abnormally high concentration of glucose in blood; esp seen w/ diabetes mellitus
polydipsia
excessive thirst; symptom of hyperglycemia
polyphagia
excessive hunger; symptom of hyperglycemia
polyuria
excessive urination; symptom of hyperglycemia
hyperinsulinism
excessive secretion of insulin; causes hyperglycemia
hypoglycemia
abnormally low concentration of glucose in blood
insulinoma
benign tumor of pancreas; causes hypoglycemia
pancreatalgia
pain in pancreas
pancreatitis
inflammation of pancreas
diabetes mellitus
group of metabolic disorders; causes hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both
gestational diabetes mellitus
form of diabets that occurs during some pregnancies; usually disappears after delivery
fructosamine test
measures average glucose levels over the past three weeks
diabetic retinopathy
occurs when diabetes damages tiny blood vessels in retina of eye
thymosin
stimulates maturation of lymphocytes into T cells of immune system
thymitis
inflammation of thymus gland
thymoma
usually benign tumor derived from thymus tissue
thymectomy
surgical removal of thymus gland
pinealectomy
surgical removal of pineal body
testosterone
secreted by testicles, stimulates development of male secondary sex characteristics
estrogen
important in the development and maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics and regulation of menstruation
progesterone
hormone released during second half of menstrual cycle by corpus luteum in ovary; completes preparations for pregnancy
hypergonadism
condition of excessive secretion of hormones by sex glands
hypogonadism
condition of deficient secretion of hormones by sex glands
gynecomastia
condition of excessive mammary development in males
ACTH
adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADH
antidiuretic hormone
DI
diabetes insipidus
DM
diabetes mellitus
DRP
diabetic retinopathy
Epi
epinephrine
FBS
fasting blood sugar
FSH
follicle-stimulating hormone
GDM
gestational diabetes mellitus
GH
growth hormone
HBGM
home blood glucose monitoring
LTH
lactogenic hormone
MSH
melanocyte-stimulating hormone
OGTT
oral glucose tolerance test
TSH
thyroid-stimulating hormone
T3
t sub three triiodothyronine
T4
t sub 4 thyroxine