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84 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ambulo
walk
cephalo
brain
concusso
shaken together
contuso
bruise
echo
sound
encephalo
brain
esthesia
sensation
klepto
to steal
meningo
membrane, meninges
myelo
spinal cord
narco
stupor
neuri, neuro
nerve, nerve tissue
-phobia
abnormal fear
psycho
mind
somno
sleep
meningocele
congenital herniation of the meninges thru a defect in the skull or spinal column
hydrocephalus
condition in which ther is abnormally increased amount of CSF w/in the ventricles of the brain
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord caused by bacteria or virus
Alzheimer's disease
group of disorders associated w/ degenerative changes in brain structure that lead to progressive memory loss, impaired cognition, personality changes
cognition
mental activities associated w/ thinking, learning, memory
encephalitis
an inflammation of the brain
Reye's syndrome
often fatal, affects all organs but most harmful to brain/liver symptoms are vomiting, listlessness, disorientation, cause unknown
Parkinson's disease
chronic degenerative CNS disorder which there is a gradually progressive loss of control over movement resulting from inadequate dopamine in brain, causes muscle tremors, rigidity
Tetanus
aka lockjaw is an acute potentially fatal infection of CNS caused by toxin produced by tetanus bacteria
Amnesia
memory disturbance marked by total or partial inability to recall past eperiences
concussion
violent shaking up or jarring of brain
cerebral contusion
bruising of brain tissue as result of head injury, sometimes causing swelling of brain
cranial hematoma
collection of blood trapped in tissues of brain
syncope
aka fainting is the brief loss of consciousness caused by decreased flow of blood to brain
lethargy
lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness, and apathy
coma
a profound state of unconsciousness marked by the absence of spontaneous eye movements, no response to painful stimuli, no speach
delirium
potentially reversible condition that comes on suddenly and is often associated w/ high fever, intoxication, or shock.
dementia
slowly progressive decline in mental abilities including memory, thinking, and judgement
cerebrovascular accident
aka stroke is damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted b/c a blood vessel supplying is blocked or has ruptured
transient ischemic attack
aka T-I-A, is the temporary interruption in blood supply to brain, numbness, diziness, blurred vision, loss of balance
aphasia
loss of ability to speak, write, and/or comprehend written or spoken word, often caused by brain damage associated w/ stroke
hemorrhagic stroke
aka a bleed, occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks or ruptures, sometimes due to aneurysm, less common thatn ischemic, often fatal
narcolepsy
sleep disorder consisting of recurring episodes of falling asleep during day
myelitis
is an inflammation of the spinal cord
multiple sclerosis
progressive autoimmune disorder characterized by scattered patches of demyelination of nerve fibers of brain and spinal cord
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
aka Lou Gehrig's disease, a degenerative disease of motor nerve celss of brain and spinal cord in which patients become progressively weaker until completely paralyzed minus intellect, eyes, bladder, sensation
Bell's palsy
temporary paralysis of seventh cranial nerve, causes drooping only on the affected side of face
Guillain-Barre syndrome
aka infectious polyneuritis, inflammation of myelin sheath of peripheral nerves, rapidly worsening msucle weakness, possible temporary paralysis, autoimmune reaction
sciatica
inflammation of the sciatic nerve that results in pain, burning tingling along course of nerve in thigh and leg
tic douloureux
aka trigeminal neuralgia inflammation of fifth cranial nerve. causes sudden intense brief attacks of sharp pain on one side of side of face and affecting lips gum or cheek
cerebral palsy
condition causing poor muscle control, spasticity, speech defects and other neurologic deficiencies due to damage that affects the cerebrum
grand mal epilepsy
more severe form characterized by generalized seizures (loss of consciousness accoumpanied by shaking all over in group of muscles)
petit mal epilepsy
absence epilepsy, milder form of condition causing frequent partial seizures that do not include convulsions
causalgia
persistent severe burning pain that follows an injury due to sensory nerve
hyperesthesia
condition of excessive sensitivity to stimuli
paresthesia
abnormal sensation such as burning or prickling in extremities caused by nerve problems
peripheral neuropathy
aka peripheral neuritis painful condition of nerves of hands and feet due to damage of peripheral nerves caused by disease or exposure to toxins
echoencephalography
is the use of ultrasound imaging to diagnose a shift in the midline structures of the brain
electroencephalography
process of recording the electrical activity of the brain thru the use of electrodes attached to the scalp
myelography
radiographic study of spinal cord after injection of contrast medium thru lumbar puncture
analgesic
medication that relieves pain w/o affecting consciousness
amobarbital
barbiturate used as sedative and hypnotic
anesthesia
absence of normal sensation esp sensitivity to pain that is induced by the administration of anesthetic
epidural anesthesia
regional anesthesia produced by injecting a local anesthetic into the epidural space of the lumbar or sacral region of spine
electroconvulsive therapy
aka electroshock therapy controlled convulsion produced by passage of electric current thru brain, performed primarily in treatment of depression/mental disorders
autistic disorder
aka autism are a group of conditions in which a young child can't develop normal social relationships compulsively follows repetitive routines and has poor communication skills
dyslexia
aka developmental reading disorder, learning disabilitiy causes substandard reading achievment due to inability to process symbols
delirium tremens
acute organic brain syndrome due to alcohol w/drawal that causes sweating tremor restlessness anxiety mental confusion hallucination
schizophrenia
psychotic disorder causing two or more of following: delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, disorganized/catatonic behavior, negative symptoms
delusion
false believe that is maintained despite obvious proof or evidence to contrary
hallucination
sense perception that has no basis in external stimulation
catatonic behavior
MARKED BY A LACK OF RESPONSIVENESS, STUPOR, AND TENDENCY TO REMAIN IN FIXED POSTURE
dysthymia
aka dysthymic disorder, chronic depression present at least 50 percent of time for more than 2 years
anxiety disorders
causes anxiety or fear out of proportion to real danger in a situation, may become chronic w/o treatment
posttraumatic stress disorder
development of characteristic symptoms after a traumatic event involving actual or threatened death or injury symptoms include numbed responsiveness to stimuli, anxiety, sleep disorders, persistent reliving, difficulty concentrating
acrophobia
fear of heights
claustrophobia
fear of enclosed places
hypochonriasis
cuases misinterpretation of physical symptoms and fearing that one has serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance
factitious disorder
condition in which person acts as if they have physical or mental illness aka munchausen syndrome
anxiolytic drugs
aka antianxiety drugs or tranquilizers temporarily suppress anxiety, relax muscles can be sedating, most habit forming
CT
computerized tomography
DT, DT's, DTs
delirium tremens
ECT
electroconvulsive therapy
EECG
electroencephalography
GAD
generalized anxiety disorder
LOC
level of consciousness
MR
mental retardation
MS
multiple sclerosis
OCD
obsessive-compulsive disorder