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46 Cards in this Set

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genitalia
Reproductive organs; also called genitals.
fetus
The embryo from the 3rd month (after 8 weeks) to birth.
fertilization
Union of the sperm and ovum (fusion of the two nuclei occurs).
placenta
Vascular organ that develops during pregnancy in the uterine wall and serves as a communication between the maternal and the fetal bloodstreams.
follicle-stimulating hormone
(FSH)
Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; stimulates maturation of the ovum.
fimbriae (plural)
Finger-like ends of the fallopian tubes.
ovulation
Release of the ovum from the ovary.
gamete
Sex cell; sperm or ovum.
menstruation
The monthly shedding of the uterine lining; menes means month.
gonads
Organs in the male and female that produce gametes; ovaries and testes.
hymen
Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the vaginal orifice.
gestation
Pregnancy
human chorionic gonadotropin
(HCG)
Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulation (-tropin) the mother's ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.
myometrium
The muscle layer lining the uterus.
graafian follicle
Developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary.
amnion
Innermost membrane around the developing embryo.
labia
Lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and labia minora are the smaller, innermost lips.
papilla
A small nipple-shaped projection or elevation. The mammary papilla is the nipple of the breast.
fallopian tubes
Ducts through which the egg travels into the uterus.
parturition
Act of giving birth.
ovum (plural: ova)
Egg cell; female gamete.
coitus
Sexual intercourse; copulation.
vulva
External genitalia of the female; includes the labia, hymen, and clitoris.
menopause
The gradual ending of menstrual function; climacteric.
adnexa
Accessory parts of the uterus; the fallopian tubes and ovaries.
lactiferous ducts
Tubes that carry milk within the breast.
cervix
Lower, neck-like portion of the uterus.
Bartholin glands
Small exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice.
areola
Dark-pigmented area around the breast nipple.
clitoris
Organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the urinary meatus.
menarche
The beginning of the first menstrual period during puberty.
perineum
In females, the area between the anus and the vagina.
chorion
Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it is part of the placenta.
orifice
An opening.
ovaries
Organs in the female lower abdomen that produce ova and hormones; female gonads. The ovaries are almond-shaped and about the size of large walnuts.
endometrium
The inner mucous membrane lining the uterus.
cul-de-sac
Region within the pelvis, midway between the rectum and the uterus.
progesterone
Hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women. Progesterone means hormone (-one) and (pro-) pregnancy (gester).
corpus luteum
Empty graafian follicle that secretes estrogen and progesterone after release of the egg cell; literally means yellow (luteum) body (corpus).
uterus
Womb; muscular organ in which the embryo develops. The upper portion is the fundus; the middle portion is the corpus; and the lower, neck portion is the cervix.
puberty
Beginning of the fertile period when gametes are produced and secondary sex characteristics appear.
uterine serosa
Outermost layer surrounding the uterus.
luteinizing hormone (LH)
Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation.
embryo
Stage in development from fertilization of the ovum through the 2nd month of pregnancy.
vagina
A tube extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body.
estrogen
Hormone produced by the ovaries; responsible for female secondary sex characteristics and buildup of the uterine lining during the menstrual cycle.