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44 Cards in this Set

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ABGs
Arterial Blood Gases
AFB
Acid-Fast Bacillus (Organism causing tuberculosis)
ARDS
Adult (or acute) Respiratory Distress Syndrome (a group of symptoms - tachypnea, dyspnea, tachycardia, hypoxemia, cyanosis - resulting in acute respiratory failure)
BAL
Bronchial Aveolar Lavage
Bronch
Bronchoscopy
COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis)
CPAP
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
CPR
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (3 basic steps: airway opened by tilting the head, breathing restored by mouth-to-mouth breathing, circulation restored by external cardiac compression)
CTA
Clear to Auscultation
CXR
Chest X-Ray
DLco
Diffusion in capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide
DOE
Dyspnea on Exertion
DPI
Dry Powder Inhaler
DPT
Diptheria, Pertussis, Tetanus (injection in an infant to provide immunity to these diseases)
FEV1
Forced expirations volume in first second
FVC
Forced Vital Capacity
ICU
Intensive Care Unit
LLL
Left Lower Lobe (of lung)
LUL
Left Upper Lobe (of lung)
MDI
Metered-dose Inhaler; used to deliver aerosolized medications to patients with respiratory disease
NIV
Noninvasive ventilation
NSCLC
Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
OSA
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Paco2
Carbon Dioxide Partial Pressure; amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood
PAo2
Oxygen Partial Pressure; amount of oxygen in arterial blodd
PCP
Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia (a type of pneumonia seen in patients with AIDS)
PE
Pulmonary Embolism
PEEP
Positive End Expiratory Pressure (a common mechanical ventilator setting in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure)
PFTs
Pulmonary Function Tests
PND
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea
PPD
Purified Protein Derivative (Substance used in a tuberculosis test)
RDS
Respiratory Distress Syndrome (condition of newborn marked by dyspnea and cyanosis and related to absence of surfactant, a substance that permits normal expansion of lungs); also called hyaline membrane disease
RLL
Right Lower Lobe (of lungs)
RSV
Respiratory Syncytial Virus; in tissue culture forms synctia or giant cells (cytoplasm flows together). It is a common cause of bronchiolitis, bronchopneumonia, and the common cold.
RUL
Right Upper Lobe (of lungs)
SCLC
Small Cell Lung Cancer
SIMV
Synchronized Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation
SOB
Shortness of Breath
TB
Tuberculosis
TLC
Total Lung Capacity
URI
Upper Respiratory Infection
VAP
Ventilation-Associated Pneumonia
VATS
Video-Assisted Thorascopy
V/Q scan
Ventilation-Perfusion Scan. Radioactive test of lung ventilation and blood perfusion throughout the lung capillaries (lung scan)