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31 Cards in this Set

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A cup-shaped capsule surrounding each glomerulus.
Bowman Capsule
One of two bean-shaped organs located behind the abdominal cavity on either side of the backbone in the lumbar region.
Kidney
Tube leading from each kidney to the bladder.
Ureter
Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis.
Calix or Calyx

(plural: Calices or Calyces)
Opening or canal.
Meatus
A tube for injecting or removing fluids.
Catheter
Inner region
Medulla
Outer region; the renal cortex is the outer region of the kidney.
Cortex
Urination, the act of voiding.
Micturition
Tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body.
Urethra
A waste product of muscle metabolism; nitrogenous waste excreted in urine.
Creatinine
Substances containing nitrogen and excreted in urine.
Nitrogenous Wastes
A chemical that carries an electrical charge in a solution.
Electrolyte
A salt (electrolyte) secreted from the bloodstream into te renal tubules to leave the body in urine.
Potassium (K+)
A horomone secreted by the kidney to stimulate the production of red blood cells.
Erythropoietin
The process of accepting again or taking back. Materials necessary to the body are reabsorbed into the blood from the renal tubules as urine is formed.
Reabsorption
Nitrogenous waste excreted in urine.
Uric Acid
Carries blood to the kidney.
Renal Artery
Sac that holds urine.
Urinary Bladder
Central collectiong region in the kidney.
Renal Pelvis
Expelling urine (micturition).
Voiding
Microscopic tubes in the kidney where urine is formed and where water, sugar, and salts are reabsorbed into the bloodstream.
Renal Tubules
A small artery.
Arteriole
Carries blood away from the kidney.
Renal Vein.
A horomone synthesized, stored, and secreted by the kidney; it raises blood pressure by influencing vasoconstriction (narrowing of blood vessels).
Renin
Process whereby some substances, but not all, pass through a filter or other material. Blood pressure forces materials through the filter.
Filtration
A salt (electrolyte) regulated in the blood and urine by the kidneys.
Sodium (Na+)
Tiny ball of capillaries in the cortex of kidney.
Glomerulus

(Plural: Glomeruli)
Triangular area in the bladder where the ureters enter and the urethra exits.
Trigone
Depression or pit in that part of an organ where the blood vessels and nerves enter and leave.
Hilum

*** Also called a Hilus ***
Major nitrogenous waste product excreted in urine.
Urea