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48 Cards in this Set

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rounded depression or socket in the pelvis- which joins the femur, forming the hip joint
acetabulum
outward extension of the shoulder bone forming the point of the shoulder. It lies over the shoulder joint and touches and moves with the clavicle
acromion
thin layer of cartilage occurring at the ends of long bones and covering any part of any bone that comes together with another bone to form a joint
articular cartilage
dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton
bone
lattice like- spongy porous - trabecular bone
cancellous bone
one of the mineral constituents of bone- eg. calcium phosphate
calcium
flexible, rubbery connective tissue. It is found in the immature skeleton at the epiphyseal growth plate and on joint surfaces
cartilaginous tissue
dense connective tissue strands found in bone
collagen
Knuckle like process at the end of a bone near the joint
condyle
hard, dense bone tissue
compact bone
skull bones: ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid, and temporal
cranial bones
shaft or midportion of a long bone
diaphysis
flat, round, plate-like structure. An intervertebral disk is a fibrocartilaginous substance between two vertebrae
disk or disc
cartaliginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth takes place in the immature skeleton
epiphyseal plate
each end of a long bone; the area beyond the epiphyseal plate
epiphysis
bones of the face: lacrimal, mandible, maxillae, nasal, vomer and zygomatic
facial bones
Narrow, slit like opening in or between bones
fissure
Soft spot (incomplete bone formation) between the skull bones of an infant
fontanelle
opening or passage in bones where blood vessels, nerves or both enter and leave.
foramen
shallow cavity in a bone
fossa
minute spaces filled with blood vessels; found in compact bone
haversian canals
round process on both sides of the ankle joint.
malleolus
upper portion of the sternum; articulates with the medial aspect of the clavicle
manubrium
round projection on the temporal bone behind the ear
mastoid process
central, hollowed-out area in the shaft of a long bone
medullary cavity
the flared portion of a long bone, lying between the diaphysis and the epiphyseal plate
metaphysis
large process on the proximal end of the ulna; the point of the flexed elbow
olecranon
bone tissue
osseous tissue
process of bone formation
ossification
bone cell that helps form bone tissue
osteoblast
bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bone tissue
osteoclast
membrane surrounding bones; rich in blood vessels and nerve tissues
periosteum
mineral substance found in bones in combination with calcium
phosphorus
area of confluence (coming together) of the two pubic bones. They are joined by a fibro- cartilaginous disc
pubic symphysis
found in cancellous bone; site of hematopoiesis
red bone marrow
these 24 elongated curved bones form the bony wall of the chest
ribs
depression in the sphenoid bone where the pituitary gland is located
sella turcica
hollow cavity in a bone
sinus
pole-like process on the temporal bone
styloid process
joint between bones, such as skull
suture
connection between the temporal base of the skull and mandibular bone of the jaw
temporomandibular joint
supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous(spongy) bone
trabeculae
large process on lateral proximal aspect of the femur; attachment site for muscles and tendons
trochanter
rounded process on bone; attachment site for muscles and tendons
tubercle
rounded process on bone; attachment site for muscles and tendon
tuberosity
an individual backbone
vertebra
lower, narrow portion of the sternum
xiphoid process
fatty tissue found in the diaphysis of long bones in older individuals
yellow bone marrow