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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Malignant bone tumor
Ewing Sarcoma
Bony growth arising from the surface of bone (ex-means out, -ostosis means condition of the bone)
exostosis
Traumatic breaking of a bone
fracture (closed, open, pathological; Colles, comminuted, compression, greenstick, impacted)
Malignant tumor arising from bone (osteosarcoma)
Osteogenic Sarcoma
Softening of bone, with inadequate amounts of mineral (calcium) in the bone
Osteomalacia
Inflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection
osteomyelitis
Decrease in bone density (mass); thinning and weakening of bone
osteoporosis
Congenital abnormality of the hindfoot (involving the talus)
Talipes
Inflammation of joints
arthritis
Chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of joints, primarily of the spine
Ankylosing spondylitis
Inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body
Gouty arthritis
Progressive, degenerative joint disease characterized by loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone (formation of osteophyes, or bone spurs) at articular surfaces
Osteoarthritis (OA)
Chronic disease in which joints become inflamed and painful. It is believed to be caused by an immune (autoimmune) reaction against joint tissues, particularly against the synovial membrane.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Abnormal swelling of the medial aspect of the joint between the big toe and the first metatarsal bone.
Bunion
Compression (by a wrist ligament) of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist (the carpal tunnel)
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
Displacement of a bone from its joint
Dislocation
A fluid-filled cyst arising from the joint capsule or a tendon in the wrist
Ganglion
Abnormal protrusion of a fibrocartilaginous intervertebral disk into the neural canal or spinal nerves.
Herniation of an intervertebral disk
A recurrent disorder marked by severe arthritis, myalgia, malaise, and neurologic and cardiac symptoms.
Lyme Disease
Trauma to a joint with pain, swelling, and injury to ligaments.
Sprain
Chronic inflammatory disease involving joints, skin, kidneys, nervous system, heart, and lungs.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
A group of inherited diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system.
Muscular Dystrophy
Chronic inflammatory myopathy
Polymyositis