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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
colony
a group of people who settle in a distant land but are still ruled by the government of their native land
TURNING POINT
A MOMENT IN HISTORY THAT MARKS A BIG CHANGE
CIRCUMNAVIGATE
TO SAIL COMPLETLY AROUND SOMETHING
COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE
THE EXCHANGE, OR TRANSFER, OF GOODS AND IDEAS BETWEEN THE EARSTERN AND WESTERN HEMISPHERES THAT WAS STARTED BY THE EXPLORER COLUMBUS
CONQUISTADOR
CONQUERER
PLANTATION
LARGE ESTATE FARMED BY MANY WORKERS
ENCOMIENDA
LAND GRANT GIVEN BY THE SPANISH GOVERNMENT
WHAT HAPPENED TO THE NATIVE AMERICAN POPULATION BETWEEN 1520 AND 1600?
MILLIONS DIED FROM OVERWORK, STARVATION AND DISEASE
NORTHWEST PASSAGE
A WATERWAY THROUGH OR AROUND NORTH AMERICA
PROTESTANT REFORMATION
MARTIN LUTHER'S MOVENT OF PROTEST AGAINST THE CATHOLIC CHURCH
COUREUR DE BOIS
FRENCH COLONISTS WHO WORKED AND LIVED IN THE WOODS
MISSIONARY
A PERSON WHO GOES TO ANOTHER LAND TO WIN CONVERTS FOR A RELIGION
ALLIANCE
AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN NATIONS TO AID AND PROTECT ONE ANOTHER
WHY DID THE FRENCH BUILD FORTS ALONG THE MISSISSIPPI?
SO THAT THEY COULD TRADE FURS EASIER
HOW WAS COLUMBUS'S VOYAGE A HISTORICAL TUNING POINT?
COLUMBUS'S VOYAGE STARTED CONTACT BETWEEN EUROPE AND THE AMERICAS
HERNANDO CORTEZ
A SPANISH WARRIOR WHO CONQUERED THE AZTEC EMPIRE
JAMESTOWN
THE FIRST SUCCESSFUL ENGLISH SETTLEMENT
LEIF ERICSON
A VIKING WHO REACHED THE NORTHERN TIP OF NORTH AMERICA
VASCO NUNEZ DE BALBOA
FOUND THE PACIFIC OCEAN
FERDINAND MAGELLAN
FIRST TO CIRCUMNAVIGATE THE WORLD. FOUND AN ALLWATER ROUTE TO ASIA. DIED IN BATTLE
FROM EUROPE
CHICKENS, PIGS, CATTLE, WHEAT, SUGAR, BANANA
FROM AMERICA
POTATO, PINEAPPLE, SWEET POTATO, PEANUT
WHAT DID THE NATIVE AMERICANS TEACH THE EUROPEANS
CROPS SUCH AS CORN, POTATOES; HOW TO USE SNOWSHOES AND TRAP BEAVERS; HOW TO USE CANOES
MOCTEZUMA
AZTEC EMPEROR WHO RULED MEXICO
HERNANDO CORTES
CONQUISTADOR SET SAIL FOR MEXICO TO FIND GOLD- KILLED MOCTEZUMA AND TOOK OVER THE AZTEC EMPIRE
FRANCISCO PIZARRO
SAILED THE PACIFIC COAST OF SOUTH AMERICA AND TOOK OVER THE INCAN EMPIRE
HOW WERE THE SPANISH ABLE TO CONQUER 2 GREAT EMPIRES?
SUPERIOR MILITARY EQUIPMENT, THE INCAS WERE WEAK FROM FIGHTING AND MANY PEOPLE DIED FROM DISEASES
JUAN PONCE DE LEON
TRAVELED THRU FLORIDA LOOKING FOR THE FOUNTAIN OF YOUTH
HERNANDO DE SOTO
EXPLORED FLORIDA AND PARTS OF THE SOYTHEAST- REACHED THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER AND DIED BEFORE HE FOUND ANY GOLD
FRANCISCO CORONADO
TRAVELED TO ARIZONA AND NEW MEXICO LOOKING FOR THE "7 CITIES OF GOLD"
LAWS OF THE INDIES
STATED HOW THE COLONIES COULD BE RULED- PUEBLOS, PRESIDIOS AND MISSIONS
PUEBLOS
TOWNS THAT WERE THE CENTERS OF FARMING AND TRADE
PRESIDIOS
FORTS WERE SOLDIERS LIVED- FIRST ONE BUILT IN ST. AUGUSTINES
JUAN DE ONATE
FOUNDED THE COLONY OF NEW MEXICO
DON PEDRO DE PARALTA
FOUNDED SANTA FE AS CAPITAL OF NEW MEXICO
PENINSULARES
HELD THE HIGHEST JOBS IN GOVERNMENT- OWED LOTS OF LAND
CREOLES
PEOPLE BORN IN AMERICA FROM SPANISH PARENTS
MESTIZOS
PEOPLE MIXED OF SPANISH AND INDIAN BACKGROUND