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90 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abrasion
injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or rubbed away
abscess
a localized collection of pus with a circumscribed area; associated with tissue destruction
acne vulgaris
chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by pustular eruptions of the skin in or near the sebaceous glands; common during puberty and adolescence
actinic keratosis
precancerous skin lesion caused by excessive exposure to the sun; raised rough, dry, or scaly spots that are tan, brown, grey, or red
albinism
absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes
alopecia
loss of hair
anhidrosis
condition of lacking sweat
basal cell carcinoma
an epithelial malignant tumor of the skin; rarely metastasizes
bite
an injury in which the skin is torn by an insect, animal, or human, resulting in an abrasion, puncture, or laceration
boil
an acute, painful nodule in the subcutaneous layers of the skin, gland, or hair follicle; most often caused by staphylococci (furuncle)
bulla
a large circumscribed elevation of skin containing fluid that is greater than 0.5 cm in diameter; a large blister
callus
hardened skin
cancer
malignant tumor
candidiasis
a yeast infection of the skin
carbuncle
cluster of boils
cellulitis
inflammation of cellular or connective tissue
cicatrix
the scar left after the healing of a wound
clubbing
abnormal curving and shine on the nails often accompanied by enlargement of the fingertips; can be hereditary or an indication of coronary or pulmonary disease
comedo
a blackhead
contact dermatitis
localized allergic response caused by contact with an irritant or allergen
contusion
an injury that does not break the skin
corn
a horny thickening of the skin on the toes
crust
a collection of dried serum and cellular debris
cyst
a closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material
decubitus
literally, lying down; a bedsore
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin; eg., seborrhea, excema, stasis
dermatologist
skin specialist
dermatopathy
skin disease
ecchymosis
bruise
eczema
non-contagious inflammatory skin disease of the epidermis, characterized by dry, red, itchy skin
epithelioma
a benign or malignant tumor originating in the epidermis that may occur on the skin or mucous membranes
erythroderma
diffuse abnormal redness of the skin; eg., sunburn, radiation exposure
fissure
a crack-like sore or slit that extends through the epidermis into the dermis
furuncle
leads to development of a boil
gangrene
necrosis that is usually associated with a loss of circulation
herpes simplex
an inflammatory skin disease caused by the herpes II virus
herpes zoster
an acute infectious process caused by the varicella zoster virus; shingles
hirsutism
abnormal hairiness
hyperhidrosis
condition of excessive sweating
impetigo
highly contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by pustules
integumentary
the skin (cutaneous membrane) and its accessory structures, nails, hair, sebaceous glands, and sweat glands
intradermal
within the skin
keloid
overgrowth of scar tissue caused by excessive collagen formation
keratosis
any skin growth in which there is overgrowth and thickening of the skin (wart, callus)
koilonychia
malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave; often indication of iron-deficiency anemia
laceration
torn or jagged wound
lesion
pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
leukoderma
localized loss of pigmentation of the skin
lipoma
a benign fatty deposit under the skin
lyme disease
spirochete disease transmitted by deer tick; marked by flu-like symptoms
macule
a discolored spot on the skin; freckle
melanoma
a malignant black mole or tumor
miliaria
inflammation caused by trapped sweat; prickly heat or heat rash
mole
a pigmented, elevated spot above the service of the skin (nevi)
nodule
a large papule; acne vulgaris
onychitis
inflammation of the nail
onychocryptosis
ingrown toenail
onychomycosis
fungal infection of the nail
papilloma
a benign epithelial tumor that projects from the surrounding surface
papule
a solid, circumscribed, elevated area on the skin; pimple
paronychia
infection of the skin fold at the margin of the nail
pediculosis
condition of infestation with lice
petechiae
small pinpoint hemorrhages
plaque
solid raised area of skin that is different from the area around it and greater than 0.5 cm in diameter
polyp
general term to describe a mushroom-like growth from the surface of a mucous membrane
pruritus
itching
psoriasis
a chronic autoimmune skin disease characterized by pink or dull-red lesions covered by silvery scales
purpura
a purplish discoloration of the skin caused by extravasation of blood into the tissues
pustule
a small, elevated, circumscribed skin lesion filled with pus; varicella
rhinophyma
overgrowth of the nose (bulbous nose)
scabies
a contagious skin disease characterized by papules, vesicles, pustules, burrows, and intense itching; caused by the tub mite
scale
a thin, dry flake of cornified epithelial cells; psoriasis
scar
the mark left by the healing process of a wound, sore, or injury
scleroderma
an autoimmune disorder that causes abnormal thickening of the skin; some forms of the disease spread to other organs and can be fatal
seborrhea
any of several common skin conditions in which there is an overproduction of sebum
seborrheic dermatitis
inflammation of the upper layers of the skin caused by seborrhea; results in the scaling of the scalp known as dandruff
seborrheic keratosis
a benign flesh-colored, brown, or black skin tumor; tend to occur most often in the elderly (liver spots)
skin tags
small, flesh-colored or light brown growths that hang from the body by fine stalks
squamous cell carcinoma
malignant tumor of the squamous cells of the epithelium; can quickly spread to other body systems
subcutaneous
pertaining to below the skin
taut
tight, firm
tinea
skin disease caused by certain fungi
ulcer
an open lesion or sore of the epidermis or mucous membrane
urticaria
hives
vesicle
a small fluid filled sac; blister (a bulla is a large vesicle)
wart
an elevation of viral origin on the epidermis; (verruca)
wheal
a localized, evanescent elevation of the skin; urticaria
wound
an injury to soft tissue caused by trauma
xanthoderma
yellow skin
xeroderma
dry skin