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44 Cards in this Set

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Anatomy
The systematic study of the structure of an organism's body and the names and relationships of its various parts.
Physiology
The systematic study of the function and interrelationships of the major organ systems of animals and plants.
Endocrinology
Study of the glands that make and secrete hormones into the circulatory system.
Vulva
Another term for a woman's external genitalia, everything a woman sees when using a mirror for genital self-examination.
Mons veneris
A small compact cushion of fat located on the top of a woman's pubic bone.
Labia majora
Prominent skin folds lateral to the vestibule.
Labia minora
Delicate, soft skin folds surrounding the opening to the vagina.
Clitoris
A female homologue of the penis that carries information from erotic stimuli into the central nervous system. Its tip is the glans.
Glans
The name for the tip of a woman's clitoris.
Gynecology
The medical specialty concerned with the health of a woman's sexual and reprodoctive organs as well as the diagnosis and treatment of maladies affecting them.
Vestibule
Smooth tissue surrounding a woman's urethral opening.
Urethra
The short passageway that carries urine from the bladder out of the body.
Introitus
Area immediately adjacent to the opening of the vagina.
Hymen
Thin layer of tissure that often covers the opening to the vagina before first intercourse.
Perineum
Small patch of very smooth skin extending from the vaginal opening to the anus.
Vestibular bulbs
Bodies located alongside the opening to the vagina. These become engorged with blood during sexual arousal.
Bartholin's glands
Small glands located on each side of the opening to the vagina. Their function is not clearly understood.
Vagina
A collapsed sleeve of tissue composed of muscle, connective tissue, and mucous membrane layers. it is a woman's primary organ of sexual intercourse, a passageway for the elimination of menstrual discharge, the arrival point for incoming semen during intercourse, and the birth canal during vaginal birth.
Uterus
A large hollow multilayered muscle in which the fertilized egg implants itself and begins to grow into an embryo and then a fetus; also known as a woman's womb.
Fallopian tubes
Tubes connecting the uterus with the area around each ovary. They open directly into the abdominal cavity.
Ovaries
A woman's gonads, or sex cell producing glands.
Menstruation
The relatively regular sloughing off of the endometrium and the vaginal bleeding that accompanies it.
Pituitary gland
The body's "master endocrine gland," which coordinated the activities of all other endocrine glands.
Areola
The area of a woman's breast surrounding the nipple.
Glans
The name for the tip of a man's penis.
Frenulum
The part of the penis connecting the ventral portion of the glans with the underside of the shaft. One of the most sensitive parts of the penis.
Urologist
A medical specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the excretory system and urinary tract in both women and men.
Andrologist
A medical specialist who evaluates and treats men's fertility problems.
Penis
The male organ for sexual intercourse; also an excretory structure facilitating urination.
Copora cavernosa
Two expandable spongy cylindrical bodies composing the interior of the penis. These become engorged with blood during erection.
Corpora spongiosum
An expandable spongy cylindrical body inside the penis that surround the urethra.
Coronal ridge
The crease separating the glans from the shaft of the penis
Foreskin
In uncircumsized males, a loose fold of skin that covers part of the glans.
Circumcision
Surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis covering the glans.
Scrotum
The soft skin sac containing the testes.
Seminiferous tubules
A long, fine network of tubules in the testes. Spermatogenesis occurs in the walls of these tubules.
Testosterone
Male sex hormone. Testosterone is a form of androgen.
Spermatogenesis
The process of cellular division by which sperm are produced in the testes.
Epididymis
A comma-shaped structure located along the posterior surface of each testis. Sperm are temporarily stored here.
Vas deferens
The tubule that carries mature sperm from the testes to the ejaculatory ducts.
Vasectomy
A surgical procedure involving the surgical sectioning of the vas deferens, making it impossible for sperm to leave the body during ejaculation. It should be thought of as permanent, although surgical reversal is sometimes possible.
Seminal vesicles
Glands that lie along the posterior portion of the bladder. These produce fluids that combine with sperm in the ejaculatory ducts.
Prostate gland
A gland at the base of a man's bladder, surrounding the urethra. It secretes fluids that combined with sperm help neutralize the acidic environment inside the vagina. It is composed of both glandular and muscular tissues.
Cowper's glands
Located on the underside of the prostate, these glands secrete a substance into the urethra during sexual arousal and are thought to lubricate the inside of the urethra.