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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An individual's biological designation as either female or male.
Gender role
The beliefs and behaviors a person acts out in accordance with their thoughts about being a male or female person.
Gender identity
One's self-perceptions as either a female or male person according to the customs and traditions of a particular culture.
Attribution theory
A psychological theory that attempts to explain why people behave as they do. Some attributions emphasize the importance of environmental expectations while others focus on the individual's own characteristics.
A sex cell; sperm and ova are gametes.
Somatic cells
Body cells, as distinguished from gametes.
A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
Sex chromosomes
The twenty-third pair of human chromosomes, which determine one's genetic sex as either female or male.
Sex glands; a woman's gonads are her ovaries; a man's gonads are his testes.
Hormonal sex
An individual's sexual characteristics resulting from the predominant secretion of testosterone from the testes or estrogens from the ovaries.
A chemical substance secreted by an endocrine gland into the bloodstream that travels to some distant target organ in the body and changes its activity.
Endocrine glands
Glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream. Endocrine glands are discrete bundles of tissue closely linked to the circulatory system.
A class of chemical compounds sharing the same general molecular structure. Sex hormones are steroids.
A family of eight different female hormones that are responsible for a woman's secondary sexual characteristics, menstrual cycle, and fertility.
A hormone secreted by the corpus luteum that prepares the endometrium for the implantation of a fertilized ovum. Along with estrogen, it coordinates the regulation of the menstrual cycle and the maintenance of pregnancy.
A family of male sex hormones secreted by the testes in men and the adrenal glands in both women and men.
Male sex hormone. Testosterone is a form of androgen.
Congenital virilizing adrenal hyperplasia
A condition in which a female human embryo is exposed to androgens and develops male-like genitalia as a result.
Androgen insensitivity syndrome
A chromosomal abnormality in which the body cells of a genetic male are insensitive to androgens, testosterone in particular, and as a consequence the male dvelops normal-appearing female characteristics; also called testicular feminization.
Having the psycological attributes of both females and males.
Social learning theory
A theory that asserts that learning can occur vicariously by observing the behavior of others. Imitation, behavior modeling, and social skills training are all aspects of social learning theory.
People's view of themselves based on the degree to which their perceived self approximates their ideal self.
Perceived self
People's current, honest, undistorted perception of themselves.
Ideal self
People's image of themselves when they have developed into the individual they would like to become.
Cognitive-developmental theory
A theory concerning the way children learn traditional sex roles. This theory emphasizes the importance of the feedback children receive from their peers for acting like females or males and how this information guides their social interactions in the future.
Gender-schema theory
A theory of gender role development in which children think and act upon a culture's notions of how females and males should behave. The feedback they get from their peers and/or adults may confirm or deny the degree to which their behavior conforms to these norms.
Gender role conflict
The feeling or belief that one's gender identity does not conform to the expectations of one's culture.
Interpersonal attraction of a nonsexual nature.
Sexual objectification
The impersonal focusing of sexual thoughts, feelings, and actions on an individual, disregarding their individual, unique attributes as a woman or a man.
The belief that the standards, norms, and customs of one's own culture are right and superior to those of other cultures.