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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the voice box?
Larynx
What is the part, responsible for the motions of breathing and separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities?
Diaphragm
What is the organ consisting of lymphatic tissue which removes old red blood cells from blood and produces B lymphocytes?
Spleen
Which cavity encloses the digestive system and related organs?
Abdominal cavity
What organ regulates metabolism by increasing O consumption and fat breakdown. That is also involved in regulating growth and the synthesis of hormones from the iodine and the amino acid Tyrosine?
Thyroid gland
what is the watery membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavity?
Peritoneum
What lymphoid gland is involved in processing and activation of T lymphocytes in the immune system?
Thymus gland
What are the bones that protect the thoracic cavity containing the heart and lungs?
Ribs
what is the muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body?
Heart
What is the functions of the small intestines?
1) motility, it contracts to move food
2) secretes digestive enzymes
3) process of digestion
4) absorbs nutrients
what is the fibrous sac which encloses the heart?
Pericardium
What are the functions of the large intestines?
1) motility (contracts)
2) is NOT involved in secretion of enzymes
3) absorbs water
4) contains lots of bacteria which produce some vitamins that are absorbed
5)continues the process of defecation
what is the organ which oxygenates blood?
Lungs
What supplies freshly oxygenated blood to the fetus?
Umbilical arteries
What is the wind pipe and the passage from the larynx tothe bronchi?
Trachea
What are the six functions of the liver?
1) breaks down carbohydrates and glycogen
2) synthesizes cholesterol, phospho-lipids, and lipoprotein
3) protein metabolism
4) synthesizes urea, found in urine, and important blood clotting
5) breakdown of hemoglobin
6) storage for vitamins A,D,B and Iron
What is the hollow sac that expands when filled with urine?
Urinary bladder
What is type of cavity encloses the heart and lungs?
Thoracic Cavity