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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
customs duty
a tax on imports and exports
nonimportation agreement
a pledge by merchants not to buy imported goods from a particular source
writs of assistance
a search warrent enabling customs officer to enter any location to look for evidence of smuggling
committee of correspondence
committee organized in each colony to communicate with and unify the colonies
minuteman
companies of civilian soldiers who boasted they were ready to fight on a minute's notice
loyalist
american colonist who supported Britain and opposed the War for Independence
patriot
american colonist who supported the War of Independence
guerrilla warfare
a hit-and-run technique used in fighting a war; fighting by small bands of warriors using tactics such as sudden ambushes.
letter of marque
licenses issued by congress to private ship owners authorizing them to attack British merchant ships.
republic
form of government in which power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote
manumission
the voluntary freeing of enslaved persons
ratification
formal approval
recession
an economic slowdown
inflation
the loss of value of money
popular sovereignty
government subject to the will of the people.
federalism
political system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
seperation of powers
government principle where power is divided among different branches.
checks and balances
the system in which each branch of government has the ability to limit the power of the other branches to prebent any from becoming to powerful
veto
power of the chief executive to reject laws passed by the legislature.
impeach
to formally charge a public official with misconduct in office
amendment
a change to the constitution
cabinet
a group of advisers to the president
bond
a not issued by the government which promises to pay off a loan with interest.
speculator
person who risks money in hopes of financial profit.
enumerated powers
powers listed in the constitution as belonging to the federal government
implied powers
powers not specifically listed in the constitution but claimed by the federal government
excise tax
a tax paid by he manufatured of a product and passed on those who buy the product
most-favored nation
a policy between countried ensuring fair trading practices
alien
a person living in a country who is not a citizen of that country
interposition
theory that a state should be able to intervene between the federal government and the people to stop an illegal action
nullification
theory that states have the right to declare a federal law invalid
judicial review
power of the Supreme Court to determine whether laws of Congress are constitutional and to strike down those that are not
contraband
goods whose importation, exportation, or ship, to protect it.
impressment
a kind of legalized kidnapping in which people are forced into military service.
embargo
a government ban on trade with other countries.
War Hawk
members of Congress during Madison's pesidency who pressed for war with Britain
revenue tariff
tax on imports for the purpose of raising money
protective tariff
tax on imports designed to protect American Manufactures
nullification
theory that states have the right to declare a federal law invalid
judicial review
power of the Supreme Court to determine whether laws of Congress are constitutional and to strike down those that are not
contraband
goods whose importation, exportation, or ship, to protect it.
impressment
a kind of legalized kidnapping in which people are forced into military service.
embargo
a government ban on trade with other countries.
War Hawk
members of Congress during Madison's pesidency who pressed for war with Britain
revenue tariff
tax on imports for the purpose of raising money
protective tariff
tax on imports designed to protect American Manufactures
federalism
political system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
seperation of powers
government principle where power is divided among different branches.
checks and balances
the system in which each branch of government has the ability to limit the power of the other branches to prevent any from becoming to powerful
veto
power of the chief executive to reject laws passed by the legislature.
impeach
to formally charge a public official with misconduct in office
amendment
a change to the constitution
cabinet
a group of advisers to the president
bond
a not issued by the government which promises to pay off a loan with interest.
speculator
person who risks money in hopes of financial profit.
enumerated powers
powers listed in the constitution as belonging to the federal government
implied powers
powers not specifically listed in the constitution but claimed by the federal government
excise tax
a tax paid by the manufatured of a product and passed on those who buy the product
most-favored nation
a policy between countried ensuring fair trading practices
alien
a person living in a country who is not a citizen of that country
interposition
theory that a state should be able to intervene between the federal government and the people to stop an illegal action