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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
drug
any chemical that causes changes in a person’s body or behavior
illegal drug
chemicals that are forbidden by law because their dangerous and often unpredictable effects outweigh any useful purposes the drugs may have
drug abuse
when people intentionally misuse drugs of any kind for non-medical purposes
ethanol
alcohol found in beverages such as beer, wine, and liquor. It is produced yeast changes sugar into carbon dioxide and alcohol
proof
a measure of the percentage of alcohol in a beverage. It is twice the percentage of alcohol by volume
alcohol
a drug that acts as a powerful depressant
depressant
a drug that slows the activity of the body’s central nervous system
intoxication
refers to the many negative effects alcohol has on a drinker’s body and behavior
blackout
period of time that the drinker cannot recall
Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)
the amount of ethanol in a person’s blood. It is affected by gender, age, weight, height, amount of food in the stomach, concentration of alcohol in beverages consumed, volume of alcohol consumed, and rate of consumption and absorption
hangover
a term for the physical symptoms, such as nausea, upset stomach, headache, and a sensitivity to noise, that are aftereffects of drinking too much alcohol
inhibition
the controls that people put on their emotions and behavior in order to behave in socially acceptable ways
driving while intoxicated
a driver exceeds the level of blood alcohol concentration allowed by law in a state
synergism
the interaction when drugs increase each other’s effects when taken together
overdose
taking an excessive amount of a drug that leads to coma or death
tolerance
developed when the body becomes accustomed to or builds up a resistance to a drug
dependence
when the body develops a resistance to a drug and requires the drug to function normally
addiction
also called dependence
withdrawal
a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
cirrhosis
a disease of the liver in which useless scar tissue replaces normal liver tissue
alcoholic hepatitis
inflammation of the liver that is caused by the toxic effects of alcohol
fetal alcohol syndrome
refers to the group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on the unborn child
alcoholism
people who have an addiction to alcohol suffer from this disease
reverse tolerance
a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
delirium tremens
a reaction of the central nervous system to the absence of alcohol
codependents
people who assume responsibility for an alcoholic’s needs, feelings, and happiness
enablers
people who unintentionally protect addicts from the consequences of their behavior
detoxification
involves removing all alcohol from a person’s body
rehabilitation
the process of learning to cope with the stress of everyday living without alcohol
Alcoholics Anonymous
a support group that is composed of recovering alcoholics who give encouragement and support to help other alcoholics stop drinking
Al Anon
helps adult friends and family of alcoholics learn how they can contribute to the recovery process
Alateen
provides help for teenagers who live with alcoholics
intervention
a planned confrontation with the alcoholic, family members, a member of a support group, and an alcohol counselor
abstain
choose not to drink
refusal skills
involve refusing to do something that others may pressure you to do against your will