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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
drug misuse
improper use of drugs
medicines
legal drugs that help the body fight injury
over the counter drugs
may be purchased legally in pharmacies and other stores that sell medicines without a prescription
prescription drugs
must be obtained through a written prescription from a physician and can be purchased only at a pharmacy
drug abuse
occurs when people intentionally misuse any kind of drug for non-medical purposes
psychoactive drugs
chemicals that affect the activity of brain cells to alter perception, thought, and mood, and possibly to create illusions in the mind of the user
drug's action
what a drug does to your body
drug's effect
what you feel or the physical and mental response to the drug’s actions
side effects
unwanted, even dangerous, physical and mental effects caused by a drug, such as nausea, dizziness, or drowsiness
overdose
a serious reaction to an excessive amount of a drug
antagonistic interaction
occurs when each drug’s effect is canceled out by the other or the action of each drug is reduced
synergistic interaction
when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
depressants
psychoactive drugs that slow brain and body reactions
barbiturates
a type of sedative-hypnotic, or depressants that relax a person and induce sleep
tranquilizers
AKA anti-anxiety drugs; slow nerve activity, relax muscle tension, lower alertness, and cause drowsiness
narcotic
any depressant drug mad from or chemically similar to opium
opium
a drug obtained from the seed pod of a poppy plant
morphine/codeine
natural narcotic compounds contained in opium
heroin
a narcotic made from morphine in a laboratory that is usually injected
stimulants
drugs that speed up activities of the central nervous system
amphetamine
a powerful prescription drug that is made artificially and produces feelings of well being and high energy
cocaine
a powerful but short-acting stimulant that affects the central nervous system
crack
AKA ‘rock’; the most potent form of cocaine
hallucinogen
psychoactive drugs that alter perception, thought, and mood
LSD
lysergic acid diethlamide; the strongest known hallucinogen
mescaline
the psychoactive component of the peyote cactus
Psilocybin
another hallucinogen that is obtained from certain South American mushrooms
PCP
phencyclidine; another psychoactive drug that can act as a stimulant, a depressant, or a hallucinogen
marijuana
illegal psychoactive drug obtained from the hemp plant
hashish
another illegal drug that comes from the hemp plant
inhalants
drugs that are inhaled, or breathed in through the nose, to produce a desired effect
anabolic steroids
synthetic drugs that resemble the male hormone testosterone
controlled substances
substances whose manufacture, possession, or sale is controlled by law
designer drugs
a new chemical substance that has been designed to be chemically similar to a controlled substance
look alike drugs
drugs that are sold on the street and made to look like commonly abused drugs
detoxification programs
a type of drug abuse treatment that involves gradual but complete withdrawal from the abused drug
therapeutic community
a residential treatment center where drug abusers live and learn to adjust to drug-free lives
methadone
a drug that produces many effects similar to heroin, but does not produce the same ‘high’ that causes heroin addicts to crave the drug