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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
medical care during pregnancy
Prenatal Care
preventing pregnancy or birth control
Contraception
unable to produce children
Infertile
take care of children whose parents are unable to do so
Foster Parents
union of an egg from the mother and a sperm from the father
Fertilization
the united egg and sperm
Zygote
a hollow, spherical structure made up of about 500 cells, formed when a zygote divides and grows
Blastocyst
the process by which the blastocyst is attached to the wall of the uterus
Implantation
name given to the blastocyst after it has attached itself to the wall of the uterus
Embryo
the hormone produced by a human embryo at the time of implantation
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
the organ that holds the embryo to the wall of the uterus
Placenta
the cordlike structure that connects the embryo and the placenta
Umbilical Cord
bag of thin tissue that encloses a developing embryo
Amniotic Sac
the fluid within the amniotic sac, within which the embryo floats
Amniotic Fluid
name given to the developing embryo from the end of the second month of pregnancy until birth
Fetus
three periods that the nine months of pregnancy are divided into
Trimesters
consists of attacks of nausea and sometimes vomiting
Morning Sickness
a condition in which the father shares some of the mother’s physical discomfort, such as morning sickness or frequent urination
Sympathetic Pregnancy
mental retardation caused by alcohol, which damages the fetus’s brain cells
Fetal Alchohol Syndrome
a method for detecting problems during pregnancy that involves the removal of a small amount of amniotic fluid from around the fetus
Amniocentesis
allows results to be available by the eighth week of pregnancy. It involves the removal of a small part of the chorion that is examined
Chorionic Villus Sampling
a part of the developing placenta
Chorion
high-frequency sound waves that are used to make a ‘picture’ of the developing fetus
Ultrasound
a hospital room that looks like a bedroom in which the baby is born
Birthing Room
the work of pushing the fetus out
Labor
the actual birth of the baby
Delivery
a way to determine the baby’s need for emergency care
Apgar Score
delivery of the placenta after birth
Afterbirth
condition that occurs when a blastocyst becomes implanted in the fallopian tube or elsewhere in the abdomen instead of the uterus
Ectopic Pregnancy
the expulsion of a dead zygote, blastocyst, embryo, or fetus from the uterus
Miscarriage
the birth of a dead, full-term fetus
Stillbirth
serious condition characterized by high blood pressure, protein in the urine and swelling caused by fluid staying in the tissues
Toxemia
when one’s blood contains a certain group of proteins
Rh Positive
when one’s blood lacks these proteins
Rh Negative
a surgical method of birth
Cesarean Section
delivery of a live fetus before it is ready to be born
Premature Birth
special chambers designed to protect premature babies until they are more developed
Incubator
the delivery of more than one baby
Multiple Births
develop from the same fertilized egg, or zygote
Identical Twins
develop when two eggs are released from the ovary and are fertilized by two sperm
Fraternal Twins
begins with delivery and lasts about six weeks; a period of adjustment for the parents and their newborn
Postpartum Period
causes milk to form in the breasts
Prolactin
causes the uterus to shrink and helps breast tissue to eject milk when the baby suckles
Oxytocin