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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Deficiency can cause Beriberi
Thiamin
Synthesis of red and white blood cells
Vitamin B-12
Measure of energy content in food
Kilocalorie
deficiency leads to more tooth decay
fluoride
maintenance of bones and teeth
calcium
helps maintain water balance in body
sodium
helps protect cellular membranes
Vitamin E
Helps blood to clot
Vitamin K
Helps synthesize RNA and DNA
folate
excess can cause flushing of the skin
niacin
carbs and other substances in plants that are difficult or impossible for humans to digest
dietary fiber
helps maintain and repair connective tissue, aids in healing
Vitamin C
Promotes calcium absorption
Vitamin D
component of hemoglobin
iron
too much can lower HDL levels
zinc
helps build muscles and bones
proteins
sugars, starches, and dietary fiber
carbs
excess can cause cardiac arrest
potassium
maintenance of vision, skin, linings of nose
Vitamin A