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32 Cards in this Set

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When was the first vine planted in Germany?
Vitis Vinifera has been tracked back to prehistoric times in Germany. However the Romans are the first to cultivate. 370 BC Emperor Probus
Explain the history of German wines pre 20th century.
Romans planted vines starting around 370.
Charlegmagne plays large role; supports christianity, monks, and abbeys, who were the principal cultivators of the vine.
Many modern vinyars can trace their original plantings to these high middle age years. 11th century.
17th Century 30 Years War decline in wine due to loss of manpower.
19th century Huge redistributions of german land to France and Prussia in the early 19th century
1830's Ferdinand Oechsle
1871 German empire. Germany gets lands back + Alsace
1909 Law of 1909 regulating the adition of sugar.
Explain the history of German wines post 20th century.
20th Century deep recession caused by world war I and II.
France gets left bank of Rhine several times durring these conflicts.
1930's Liebframilch!!!!
Wine law of 1930 helped define quality wine in Germany.
Wine law of 1971. ammended in 1989, 1994, and 2000 Regulated quality levels based on sugar content of must.
VDP 1910, by 1990's all 13 regions represented.
Flurbereinigung!
What is the Verband Deutscher Pradikatsweinguter?
The VDP is a non governmental assoiciation of growers who self regulate their Yeilds, must weights, and plant mostly classic German wine varieties. They also practice environmentally sound vinification methods, are growers of sound reputation and submit to inspections by the VDP every 5 years. The VDP also has deliminated what they think are the best sites called Grosses Gewachs. Wines are labeled with the VDP logo.
What is Flurbereinigung!?
Improvements in access, drainage, and workability for Germany's greatest vineyards. Program conducted by German government.
Because of this program in 1990's only 18 percent of her vines were over 20 years old!
2nd half of 20th century.
When was the first vine planted in Germany?
Vitis Vinifera has been tracked back to prehistoric times in Germany. However the Romans are the first to cultivate. 370 BC Emperor Probus
Explain the history of German wines pre 20th century.
Romans planted vines starting around 370.
Charlegmagne plays large role; supports christianity, monks, and abbeys, who were the principal cultivators of the vine.
Many modern vinyars can trace their original plantings to these high middle age years. 11th century.
17th Century 30 Years War decline in wine due to loss of manpower.
19th century Huge redistributions of german land to France and Prussia in the early 19th century
1830's Ferdinand Oechsle
1871 German empire. Germany gets lands back + Alsace
1909 Law of 1909 regulating the adition of sugar.
Explain the history of German wines post 20th century.
20th Century deep recession caused by world war I and II.
France gets left bank of Rhine several times durring these conflicts.
1930's Liebframilch!!!!
Wine law of 1930 helped define quality wine in Germany.
Wine law of 1971. ammended in 1989, 1993, and 2000 Regulated quality levels based on sugar content of must.
VDP 1910, by 1990's all 13 regions represented.
Flurbereinigung!
What is the Verband Deutscher Pradikatsweinguter?
The VDP is a non governmental assoiciation of growers who self regulate their Yeilds, must weights, and plant mostly classic German wine varieties. They also practice environmentally sound vinification methods, are growers of sound reputation and submit to inspections by the VDP every 5 years. The VDP also has deliminated what they think are the best sites called Grosses Gewachs. Wines are labeled with the VDP logo.
What is Flurbereinigung!?
Improvements in access, drainage, and workability for Germany's greatest vineyards. Program conducted by German government.
Because of this program in 1990's only 18 percent of her vines were over 20 years old!
2nd half of 20th century.
What is Sussreserve?
The addition of unfermented grape juice to sweeten wines.
What is Cryoextraction and is it permitted in Germany?
The artifical freezing of grapes to increase sugar content. No!

Reveerse osmosis also not premitted. Any reduction of water through artificial means is prohibited.
What oschle levels can be used for Noble rot infected grapes.
Auslese
Beerenauslese
Trockenbeerenauslese
What are the 13 regions in Germany?
Rheinhessen
Pfalz
Baden
Mosel
Wurttemburg
Franken
Nahe
Rheingau
Mittelrhein
Saale-Unstrut
Ahr
Hessische-Bergstrasse
Sachsen
Which wine levels may chapitilize in Germany?
QBA and Tafelwein
Is deacidifacation practiced in Germeny? Acidification?
Yes. No exception in 2003
What are the ripeness levels in QMP wines from Germany?
Kabinett
Spatlese
Auslese
Beerenauslese
Trockenbeerenauslese

Eiswein
When does Riesling ripen?
Late
Generally at what level are Germany's yeilds?
HIGH 80-100 hl/ha
Germany's general aspect is?
South facing planted on steep hillsides. Almost all of Germany's quality vineyards are planted next to rivers to reflect sunlight.
How are Germany's 13 wine regions divided?
40 districts or Beriche
163 collection of vineyards or grosslage
2500 individual vinyards or Einzellagen
What are the two Levels of quality wine in Germany?
Qualitatswein bestimitter Anbaugebite
Qualitatswein mit Pradikat
Where is the mosel?
Along the mosel river. Starting where the Mosel River enters Germany in the east between the borders of France and Luxembourg.
Name the famous villages in the Berich Bernkastler. Middle Mosel.
Piesport (Goldtropfchen)
Brauneberg (juffer-Sonnenuhr)
Bernkastel (Doctor)
Whelen (Sonnenuhr)
Urzig (wurtzgarten)
How many per litre grams of sugar are in an Oechsle?
2-2.5 grams per litre.
What was the overriding problem with the wine law of 1971?
It condensed 30,000 Einzellagen into 2,600. The law allowed a MINIMUM are of 5 hectares. Efficient, but it didn't take into account terrior, and effectively allowed historically prized vinyard site names to be watered down with wines that are no where near the original location. Average size of "new" Einzellagen is 10x larger!
What was another problem with the 1971 law in Germany?
Grosslage : on average each Grosslage is comprised of 17 Einzellagen. AND placement of the term Grosslage is placed after the village the same as Einzellagen. Leading the consumer to infer that the wine is from a single Einzellagen and not a Grosslage. Booooo!
Who tried to help rectify the wine law of 1971?
1983 George Breuer
Charta
Erstes Gewachs
Rheingau
Dry style wines
2002 VDP tried to implement with Grosses Gewachs. The system has become bogged down with stylistic issues.
Mosel and Ahr in 2003.
Erstes Lage in Mosel.
Where is the Ahr?
One of Germany's most northerly vinyards. 6 miles south of Bonn. Situated along the Ahr river.
What is the climate of the Ahr?
Conteninetal The Hohe Eifel hills produce a greenhouse effect that makes this a relatavely warm reigion despite it's latitude.
What are the soils of the Ahr?
Rocky & slaty.
Tufa in the upper valley.
Rich Loess in the lower valley.
What is the most important grape verital in the Ahr?
Spatburgunder.

Pinot Noir