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73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
2 things that energize the atmosphere
Suns Heat, Earths Rotation
Energy from Sun reaches Earth in what form
Electromagnetic Radiation
The tilt of the Earths axis of rotation is responsible for what
The gaseous envelope that surrounds the Earth, or any other celestial body
Complex mixture of gas and tiny suspended particals
What our atmosphere pretty much is
The relative composition of the atmosphere varies based on what 2 things
aerosols, and the presence of water vapor
The amount of water vapor in the air
Tiny liquid droplets or tiny solid particals that are so small they remain suspended in the air
The energy from the sun that actually reaches the earths surface
Why does the stratopheres temp increase with altitude
Ozone absorbs ultravilot radiation coming from the sun
Why does the tropospheres temp decrease with altitude
Absorbtion of reradiated long wavelength infared rays is most effective at the bottom of the atmosphere where the air is most dense
Region where temp decreases with altitude,
Air Pressure does what with altitude
The ratio of the vapor pressure in a sample of air to the saturation vapor pressure at the same temperature, expressed as a percentage
Relative Humidity
The formation of a more ordered liquid from a less ordered gas
air pressure, humidity, cloudiness, and wind speed and direction define what
Which climate zone is where weather is generated, clouds form, and rain and snow develop
When air becomes saturated with water as it rises what forms
What results in the horizontal movement of air in response to air pressure
What controls wind speed
Air Pressure Gradients, the Coriolis Effect, and Friction
Where do deserts form
As a result of the global air circulation, in continental interiors far from sources of moisture, in rainshadows, along coasts adjacent to cold upwelling seawater
Form along cold fronts as a result of up drafts of warm humid air, maintained by the latent heat of condensation from the humid air
Violent upward-spiraling columns of air, form as a result of certain spiral updrafts in certain thunderstorms
Violent oceanic cyclones that have very fast wind speeds, do most damage on costal and island regions
Holds more moisture
Warmer Air
Holds less moisture
Colder Air
Wind in high pressure goes from ____
High to Low
Wind in low pressure goes from ____
Low to High
Waters holding capacity of air depends on temperature
Saturation Humidity
Actual mass of water vapor in a given mass of air
Specific Humidity
Specific Humidity divided by Saturation Humidity
Relative Humidity
Climate zones go in what order
Polar, Temperate, Subtropic, Tropic.....equator
Means "substitute" what kinds of info recorded, what climate was like in the past
Typical Ice age lasts
100,000 years
Typical interglacial period last
10,000 years
Animals that used more oxygen 18 meant what
It was a colder enviornment
Earth wobble cycle gives
Process of equinox
Volcanoes, Weathering Reactions, and Burning of Coal all do what
Cause more Co2 in the enviornment
The suns energy being traped in our atmosphere is called
GreenHouse Effect
Problems caused by global warming
Heat related health problems, Melting of glaciers and ice caps, Sea level rise and flooding.
Compairing 2 similar kinds of fossils
Comparative Biology
Remains of previous existing life
Tissue gets protected
Tissue gets destroyed and replaced by minerals
Small things get flattened and molded by minerals
Getting presed by losing all bones and tissue
Minerals forming around an organism
casts or molds
losing all of body just leaving picture
using specific criteria for that time, based on morphological characteristics
fossil species
Large number of species go extinct over a fairly short period of time
Mass Extinction
Reason for mass extinction
significant changes in the enviornment that happen too fast for animals to adapt to
world petroleum use
85 million barrels per day
petroleum increase per year
6 million
Why are geological recources rare
They are ultimately exausted, estimating how many left is difficult
Order of coal
Peat, Lignite, Sub-bituminos coal, bituminous coal, anthracite coal
The degradiation of a recource due to a contaminant
Something used by people
Something that has hazardous effects to human health
based on whether or not there are known human health impacts
air or water quality
presence of absence of a contaminant
the organism recieves a large dose over a short period of time
based on a lower dose over a longer period of time
how contaminants interact
Max contaminant levels for public water supplies list of > 80 substances
Safe drinking water act
Requires Npdes permits for anyone who is dumoing pollutants into public waters
clean water act
regulates the disposal of waste, defines hazardous waste "cradle to grave" provisions
recource concervation and recovery act
law for cleaning up abandoned waste sites
comprehensive enviornmental response compensation and liability act
Ohio # state for air pollution
deals with stratospheric depletion by limiting the use of cfc's
montreal protocal
deals with greenhouse gasses by seting national limits on the buring of fossil fuels
kyoto treaty
abnormal fluctuatuations in temperature
temperature inversion
ground level ozone