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40 Cards in this Set

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This country's ethnic groups include Hausa, Djerma, Fulani, and Tuareg
Mauritania
Formerly known as Upper Volta
Burkina Faso
The largest coffee crop in Afria comes from what country?
Cote d' Ivoire
This West African country was formerly a German colony
Togo
Africa's most populous country
Nigeria
THis country has one-third of the world's bauxite supply
Guinea
Senegal shares one of the most unusual boundaries in the world with this country
Gambia
THis country's name means "war chief"
Ghana
Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau were colonized by what country?
Portugal
This is considered the cradle of West Africa.
Niger
Name the three environmental zones of West Africa.
Dryland
Savanna
Forest
Approximately how many ethnic groups does Nigeria have?
Four-
Oruba
Ibo
Fulani
Hausa
What are the three primary belief systems found in West Africa?
Islam
Christianity
Aninism
What is the lingua franca spoken in the Sahel countries of West Africa?
French-common language
What West African country lost nearly 90% of its herd animals during the 1970s and early 1980s and why?
Niger
Because of drought
What are Moors? What country is comprised of two-thirds Moors?
Moors are Arab-Berber mixture of Muslims found in Mauritania
What is one staple or main food of West Africa
Cassava-root plant made into bread that is high in carbohydrates
What are two of the major characteristics that define this as a region?
history and culture
Name four of the great kingdoms found in West Africa
Mali
Ghana
Sanghai
Benin
What group was known for its expertise in ivory and stone sculptors?
Sapi (ancestors from Sierra Leone)
There are no major mountain ranges in West Africa to break up the region's climate patterns
True
The southern Sahel is home to what two dreaded pests?
What do these pests carry?
Tsetse fly-sleeping sickness

Black fly-parasitic warm causing blindness
Of the three regions within West Africa, which one is the most densely populated?
Forest zone
What three countries have seen the damaging effects of commerical lumbering?
COte d'Ivoire
Nigeria
Ghana
Describe the breakdown of the three religions in the region. Where is each religion practiced?
Muslim-north
Islam-Desert
Christianity-South
Forced to live together by Europeans, the religion has broken into small segments based on the land geography
THis is an agricultural way of life that involves raising livestock and usual includes farming
Pastoralism
What two crops are grown in the north because they are resitant to drought?
Millet
Sorghum
What is a dromedary?
Camel
What nomadic group in West Africa spend their lavies moving from place to place in search of water and grazing lands?
Islamic herders
In this group, the faces of women are not veiled, but those of men are veiled.
Tuareg
What happens when a poor country focuses on growing cash crops for export?
Economics are dependent on the global market.

Country must import from developed countries.
Of the fifteen countries of the region, which is the poorest according to the per capita GDP? The richest?
Poorest countries-Chad and Guinea
Richest countries-Ghana and Cote D'Ivoire
The literacy rate in lowest in what country?
Mali
What percentage of Niger's land is arable?
3.94% or less than 4%
What country has over 200 ethnic groups and more than 100 local languages spoken?
Nigeria
The Portuguese brought African slaves to this country in the 1460s
Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde
What is unusual about Liberia and Sierra Leone?
Both countries were founded as settlements for freed slaves
Of the West African countries, which has some of the largest oil reserves in the world?
Nigeria
What is columbite and what percent of the world's supply does Nigeria have?
metal used to harden stainless steel
Nigeria has 50% of the world's supply
Timbutktu, the ancient trading city is in what West African country?
Mali