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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What makes something a science
How it's studied
What is the major advantage of science?
It's self-correcting
Keep it simple best represents which characteristic of the scientific method
parsimonious
Data that can be directly verified best represents which characteristic of the scientific method
empirical
List the four goals of research
Describe
Explain
Predict
Change
WHat are the three basic types of data collected?
observable behavior
language
physiological responses
What type of variable threatens internal validity
Confounding variable
Which type of validity is concerned with how well you have measured what you intend to measure
internal validity
What term reflects the fact that sometimes our behavior changes simply because we know we are being observed?
Reactivity
What type of research is theory driven and uses a deductive approach?
Experimental
Which type of research involves manipulation of some variable
Experimental Research
What type of research is usually done to test or develop a theory
Basic research
What type of research only measures each person once?
Between Subjects
Joe want to know why some people drink and drive and some don't. What type of study is most appropriate.
Causal Comparative
Joe wants to know if caffeine will improve reaction times. What type of study is most appropriate?
Experimental
What is another name for Ex Post Facto study
Causal comparative
Which type of research most often employs Deductive reasoning?
quantitative
Joe wants to know how IQ and GPa are related. What type of study would be most appropriate
Correlational Research
Joe wants to know if GPA's differ for education, business and arts and science majors. What type of study would be most appropriate
Comparative
In a study that has good control, what is being controlled
confounding variables
Which type of research often employs inductive reasoning
qualitative
Joe wants to know why females are less likely to get a speeding ticket than males. In terms of quantitative and qualitative research which should he choose
qualitative
What is the variable that is measured in an experiment
Dependent variable
In an experiment only one thing should vary systematically, what is it
Independent variable
With what type of research is the ability to generalize results not important
applied
List two types of research in which each person is only measured once
Cross sectional
Between subjects
List two types of research most often associated with developmental research
Cross sectional
Longitudinal
Interviews, surveys, and questionnaires represent what specific type of research
Self report
What term is used to reflect any measure that is taken to avoid reactivity
Unobtrusive measures
Correlation does not imply what
causation
Joe wants to know if the average SAT score is different for the three school systems in his district. which specific type of research should he conduct
Comparative
Which characteristic of the scientific method means that research should be free from personal opinion or expectation
Objective
What is a general metaphor for validity
truthfulness
What is the first step in scientific method
Define/state the problem
If Joe's research is overly complicated, which characteristic of the scientific method has he violated
parsimony
Keep it simple stupid captures which characteristic of the scientfic method
parsimony
Research that is free from expectations or emotion is __________in nature
objective
The primary purpose of the scientific method is to help ensure the ______ of the research
validity
Theories lead to the development of testable hypothesis by what process
deductive reasoning
Joe really thinks that his son is the best player on the team. However, no one else agrees. Why is joe's belief unscientific?
not objective
a Specific prediction about the outcome of your study is called an
hypothesis
What is the first goal of science?
Describe
A general statement about the relationship between two or more variables is called a
theory
Unbiased research is also called _______research
objective
What makes something a science?
How it's studied
The _____method is often employed to make sure questions are accurately answered.
scientific
The belief that the variable you are studying is, in part, controlled or influenced by some other variable represents which characteristic of the scientific method
deterministic
Reasoning from general to specific involves ______reasoning
deductive
Experimental research is usually ___________in nature
deductive
A set of procedures and characteristics designed to increase the validity of research is
scientific method
The primary concern of all research is the __________of the research
validity
Caffeine improves cognitive functioning. This is an example of a(n)_______
theory
Freud's concept ofo the id, ego and superego are not scientific because they are not
testable
Reasoning from the specific to the general involves ______reasoning
inductive
The primary purpose of _______research is to refine or develop a theory.
basic
The primary purpose of _____research is to use knowledge to change something in the "real" world
applied
The purpose of most scientific research is to
answer a question accurately
What is the last or ultimate goal of science
change/control
Males receiving 100 mg of caffeine will recall more words than those who receive a placebo. The previous statement is an example of a ___________
hypothesis
If you concentrate hard enough you will be able to levitate. What's wrong with this statement?
not testable/falsifiable
What type of research usually begins with real world observations?
inductive