Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/29

Click to flip

29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the internal carotid artery has no branches, and goes right into the skull (with one exception: the ...)
forehead
the external carotid artery is extracranial except for ...
meninges (in skull)
how are arteries in the head named?
for where they go
which cranial nerves have parasympathetic function?
CNs 3,7,9, and 10
Explain SO4, LR6

all other eye muscles are innervated by ...
The superior oblique m. is innervated by CN 4 - trochlear n.

Lateral rectus m. is innervated by CN 6 - abducent n.

CN 3 - oculomotor n.
motor fibers have cell body origins where?
in the ventral horn (CNS)
Sensory cell bodies have origins where?

is there a synapse?
in the dorsal root ganglion (PNS)

NO
Autonomic cell bodies have origins where?

is there a synapse?

sympathetic starts in the ...
in a ganglia in the PNS

Yes

lateral horn (T1-L2)
what is the ganglia for CN 5?
trigeminal ganglion (aka semilunar ganglia)
what is the gangion for CN 7?
geniculate ganglion
sympathetic preganglion location is ...
thoracolumbar
parasympathetic preganglion location is ...
craniosacral
sympathetic postganglionic location is ...
para- and prevertebral ganglia
parasympathetic postganglionic location is ...
terminal ganglia
sympathetic postganglionic fibers are relatively ...
long
parasympathetic postganglionic fibers are relatively ...
short
CNs 3,7,9, and 10 have parasympathetic branches coming out of the ...
brain stem
preganglionic sympathetics come from the ...
lateral horn
the only place you will find white rami are from ...
T1-L2
every level has ... rami, but only T1-L2 have ... rami
grey
white
sympathetics get up to the head by ... 90% of the time and travel up the chain ganglia
T1
most sympathetics will synapse at the .... and then travel to the head on branches of the ... artery
superior cervical ganglion
internal carotid
SCG is a fusion of ...
MCG is a fusion of ...
ICG is a fusion of ...
C1-C4
C5-C6
C7-C8
the sympathetics to the head virtually all come from the ... spinal cord level and they:
-keep the ... open
-dialate the ...
-... the blood vessels in the face
-... the sweat glands
T1
eyelid
eye/pupil
constrict
innervate
if you lose the sympathetics to the head, it's called ...
horner's syndrome
horner's syndrome symptoms:
-... pupil
-... eyelid
-... and ... face
constricted
droopy
red and dry
what are these?
-lower brachial plexus injuries (C8-T1)
-tumor of the lung
-problems with the carotid artery
-whiplash
lesion possibilities for horner's syndrome
horner's syndrome is ...
-if a tumor occurs in the right lung, horner's syndrome symptoms occur on the ...
unilateral
right
what is this called?
-when autonomic and somatic fibers get mixed up.
-ex. heart pain that goes to the shoulder
referred pain