Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/23

Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Nucleotide
Sub-units of the strands, that contain a Deoxyribose, A phosphate group, and a nitrogenous group
Deoxyribose
A sugar
Nitrogenous Base
Contains nitrogen atoms and carbon atoms and is a base
Base Pairing rules
Cytosine=Guanine
Thymine=Adenine
Complementary base pair
Cytosine goes with Guanine
Thymine goes with Adenine
Dna replication
When DNA copies itself
Helicase
An enzyme that seperates the 2 strands of DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds between the two base pairs
Replication fork
The Y-shaped region
DNA polymerase
An Enzyme that adds complimentary nucleotides
Semi-conservative replication
Dna always ends up with one strand of the original copy, and one that is identical
Ribonucleic acid
RNA
Transcription
Making RNA from DNA
translation
Making proteinds from RNA
Protein Synthesis
Making proteins based on information in DNA and carried out by RNA
Ribose
The sugar in RNA
Messenger RNA
Single Stranded
Carries instructions from the DNA to make a protein
Carries the genetic message from the nucleus to the ribosome
Ribosomal RNA
is part of the structure of ribosomes
Found in globeugler form
Transfer RNA
Transfers amino acids to the ribosomes to make a protein
Is made of nucleotides linked together in a T-shaped loop
RNA polymerase
Binds to a promoter, and copies a certain part of DNA
Promoter
Starts the transcritioon
Termination signal
Ends the Transcription
Genetic Code
rules and how a sequence of nitrogenous bases in nucleotides corresponds to a particular amino acid
Codon
Each three nucleotide sequence in mRNA that codes for an amino acid or a start or stop signal