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26 Cards in this Set

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The study of humanity, from its evolutionary origins millions of years ago to its currently worldwide diversity.
Populations of people living in organized groups within social institutions and expectations of behavior.
The learned values, beliefs, and rules of conduct shared to some extent by the members of society that govern their behavior with one another.
Symbolic Culture
The ideas people have about themselves, others, and the world, and the ways that people express these ideas.
Material Culture
The tools people make and use, the clothing and ornaments they wear, the buildings they live in, and the household utensils they use.
Comparative Perspective
An approach in anthropology that uses data about the behaviors and beliefs in many societies to document both cultural universals and cultural diversity.
Culture Change
Changes in peoples' ways of life over time through both internal and external forces.
The rapid transformation of local cultures around the world in response to the economic and other influences of a dominant culture.
Holistic Perspective
A perspective in anthropology that views culture as an integrated whole no part of which can be completely understood without considering the whole.
Cultural Anthropology
The study of cultural behavior, especially the comparative study of living and recent human cultures.
The study of human culture
Aspect of cultural anthropology involved with building theories about cultural behaviors and forms.
Aspect of cultural anthropology involved with observing and documenting peoples' ways of life.
Indigenous Societies
Peoples who are now minority groups in state societies but who were formally independent and have occupied their territories for a long time.
The widespread human tendency to perceive the ways of doing things in one's own culture as normal and natural and that of others as strange and inferior, and possibly even unnatural and inhuman.
Cultural Relativism
An approach in anthropology that stresses the importance of analyzing cultures in their own terms rather than in terms of the culture of the anthropologist. This does not mean, however, that all cultural behavior must be condoned.
Ethical Relativism
The belief that all rights and wrongs are relative to time, place and culture, such that no moral judgments of behavior can be made.
Linguistic Anthropology
The study of language and communication and the relationship between language and other aspects of culture and society.
The study of language.
Historical Linguistics
The study of changes in language and communication over time and between peoples in contact.
The study of past cultures, both historic cultures with written records and prehistoric cultures that predate the invention of writing.
The study of past cultures.
Biological Anthropology
The study of human origins and biological diversity.
The study of the fossil record, especially skeletal remains, to understand the process and products of human evolution.
Medical Anthropology
A discipline that bridges cultural and biological anthropology, focusing on health and disease in human populations.
Applied Anthropology
An area of anthropology that applies the techniques and theories of the field to problem solving outside of traditional academic settings.
Forensic Anthropologists
Biological anthropologists who analyze human remains in the service of criminal justice and families of disaster victims.
Cultural Resource Management
The application of archaeology to preserve and protect historic structures and prehistoric sites.
Contract Archaeology
The application of archaeology to assess the potential impact of construction on archaeological sites and to salvage archaeological evidence.