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19 Cards in this Set

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Narratives
Stories and myths that dramatize actual memories or events in symbolic form consistent with cultural practices of storytelling.
Oral Traditions
Cultural narratives that have validity as artifacts of culture and experience.
Empiricism
The practice of conducting studies through direct observation and objective description.
Functionalism
View that cultural traits have social functions that contribute to the smooth operation of the whole society.
Material Perspectives
Explanations of cultural differences that emphasize environmental adaption, technologies, and methods of acquiring or producing food.
Cultural Ecology
Field that studies cultures as dynamic wholes based on the satisfaction of human needs through cultural behaviors.
Cultural Materialism
Explanations of cultural differences as the results of cultural adaptations through economic production.
Emic
Subjective, based on insiders' views, as in explanations people have for their own cultural behavior.
Etic
Objective, based on outsiders views, as in explanations of people's behavior by anthropologists or other observers.
Structuralism
View that cultural differences can be explained by differences in forms or conceptual categories rather than in meanings.
Interpretive Anthropology
View that cultural differences can be understood as complex webs of meaning rather than through forms.
Conflict Perspectives
Understanding cultural differences as a consequence of conflict in the interests and goals of various groups within society and focusing on issues of power and resistance.
Fieldwork
In anthropology, living and interacting with the people or group under study.
Ethnohistory
Field of study for reconstructing and interpreting the history of indigenous peoples from their point of view as well as the points of view of ethnohistorians.
Cross-cultural Comparisons
Means of understanding cultural differences and similarities through data analysis rather than direct observation.
Culture Shock
The feeling an anthropologist may have at the start of fieldwork of being out of place in unfamiliar surroundings.
Urban Anthropology
Field that focuses on studying the lives of people living in cities or urban neighborhoods.
Reflexive Anthropology
The anthropology of anthropology, which focuses on the labels that anthropologists use, the impacts of anthropologists on the people they study, and prfessional ethics.
Polyphony
The many voices of people from all the different segments and groups that make up a society; a quality of ethnographic writing today that presents multiple views of a culture.